Study on Achievement Goals and Directionality in the Context of Learning Motivation



The article gives a brief historical overview of the origins and development of the theory of the achievement goals. It presents the analysis of the basic constructs of this theory: avoidance and achievement, valency, needs, motive, mastery and demonstration of results. It also introduces major authoritative models of goal achievement theories: diсhotomic, trichotomic, 2 x 2 and 3 x 2 models. The article examines systematized by Elliot and McGregor types of directionality of learning activities: focus on achieving mastery, focus on demonstration of results, focus on the avoidance of mastery, focus on avoidance of demonstrating results. The article includes the data of pilot research describing the link between personality directionality and directionality of learning activity.

General Information

Keywords: learning motivation, goals achievement theory, directionality of learning activity, mastery, demonstration of results, avoidance, achievement, personality directionality, goals of learning activity

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology and Pedagogical Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Nikitskaya M.G. Study on Achievement Goals and Directionality in the Context of Learning Motivation [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 26–35. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2019080203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Maria G. Nikitskaya, PhD Student, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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