Occupational stress and burnout among healthcare professionals



The article presents the data of modern foreign studies on occupational stress and burnout among medical workers. It gives an analysis of modern scientific discussions concerning the concept of burnout and the search for criteria for its differentiation from other similar psychoemotional and physiological states. Special emphasis is placed on data on the extremely high risk of professional burnout among emergency medical workers. Recent studies of the level of burnout among physicians are presented as containing the information about increase of these indicators in the modern healthcare system in different countries. The analysis of the latest data on extremely serious consequences of burnout for the mental and physical health of physicians is also introduced. A review of modern diagnostic methods, as well as professional, psychological, organizational and social factors of a steady increase in the level of professional burnout, including continuous intensification of work and the introduction of new electronic systems for maintaining medical records, is given. The necessity of developing and implementing methods for the prevention of professional burnout in modern medicine is substantiated.

General Information

Keywords: professional stress; professional burnout; medical workers; professional, psychological, organizational and social risk factors; negative consequences; prevention of professional burnout.

Journal rubric: Medical Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2020090104

For citation: Matyushkina E.Y., Roy A.P., Rakhmanina A.A., Kholmogorova A.B. Occupational stress and burnout among healthcare professionals [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 39–49. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2020090104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Elena Y. Matyushkina, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6027-1510, e-mail: Elena.matyushkina@gmail.com

Anita P. Roy, Medical Psychologist, Junior Researcher, The N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency medicine, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7070-4973, e-mail: anita010101@yandex.ru

Anastasiia A. Rakhmanina, Medical Psychologist, Junior Researcher, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7870-402X, e-mail: rakhmanina.a@mail.ru

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru



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