Modern foreign studies of depressive disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic



The article provides an overview of modern foreign studies aimed at investigating the main risk factors for depressive disorders in different categories of the population during the pandemic. First of all, attention was paid to the analysis of the influence of socio-psychological, social, age and occupational factors on the formation of depressive symptoms. Studies show a sharp increase in depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. It has been found that patients with COVID-19, medical professionals directly in contact with COVID-19 cases, patients with any chronic diseases before the pandemic, and women in the perinatal period are most prone to developing depressive and anxiety conditions. In addition to describing common risk factors for development and display of depression, the results of foreign studies provide an understanding of the age-related effects of depressive conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic.

General Information

Keywords: depression, COVID-19 pandemic, risk factors, anxiety, depressive disorders in health care professionals, depression in patients with COVID-19, perinatal depression during a pandemic, age-related manifestation of depression in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Journal rubric: Medical Psychology

Article type: review article


For citation: Khramov E.V., Ivanov V.S. Modern foreign studies of depressive disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2021. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 39–47. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2021100104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Evgeniy V. Khramov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Valery S. Ivanov, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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