The Role of Parenting Styles in Maintaining and Reducing Adolescent Self-Regulation



The article presents the analysis of national and foreign studies of the role of parental behavior in the development of self-regulation in adolescents. The role of fathers and mothers in the development of self-regulation in adolescents, the interdependence of the behavior of children and parents are the main points of interest. In the article, the characteristics of the types of parental control and data on the reduction of problem behavior in adolescents in case of awareness and involvement on the part of parents are introduced. We also consider the consequences of negative parental practices for the formation of self-regulation and self-control in adolescents. The articles discusses the role of parenting styles in the development of self-regulation in children with the focus on the heterogeneity of data and the ambiguity of the negative impact of authoritarian upbringing It also emphasizes the relevance of the issue of the possibilities of supporting self-regulation of adolescents by parents, which was confirmed during the pandemic and thus encourages further research for reasons of current conditions of high social uncertainty.

General Information

Keywords: self-regulation, adolescence, parenting strategies, parenting styles, parent-child relationships, parental behavior, parental control

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology and Age-Related Psychology

Article type: review article


Funding. The study was carried out with the financial support of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” within the framework of the project “Development of autonomy and independence of preschool and primary school children" (“Mirror Laboratories”).

Received: 19.05.2022


For citation: Koroleva Y.P. The Role of Parenting Styles in Maintaining and Reducing Adolescent Self-Regulation [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 137–147. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Vilenskaya G.A. Emotsional'naya regulyatsiya: faktory ee razvitiya i svyazannye s nei vidy povedeniya [Emotional regulation: factors of development and forms of manifestation in behavior]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological journal, 2020. Vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 63—76. DOI:10.31857/S020595920011083-7 (In Russ.).Petrovskaya V. G. Stil' semeinogo vospitaniya i samoregulyatsii podrostka [Style of family education and self-regulation of a teenager] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Voprosy pedagogiki [Issues of Pedagogy], 2020, no. 4(1), pp. 203—209. URL: (Accessed 10.05.2023) (In Russ.).
  2. Alnafea T., Curtis D.D. Influence of mothers' parenting styles on self-regulated academic learning among Saudi primary school students [Elektronnyi resurs]. Issues in Educational Research, 2017. Vol. 27(3), pp. 399—416. URL: (Accessed 10.05.2023).
  3. Amran M.S., Basri N.A. Investigating the relationship between parenting styles and juvenile delinquent behavior. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2020. Vol. 8, no. 11A, pp. 25—32. DOI:10.13189/ujer.2020.082104
  4. Baker S. The effects of parenting on emotion and self-regulation. In Sanders M.R., Morawska A. (eds.), Handbook of parenting and child development across the lifespan. Berlin: Springer, 2018, pp. 217—240. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-94598-9
  5. Baumeister R. Self-regulation and self-control: Selected works of Roy F. Baumeister. London: Routledge, 2018. 396 p. DOI:10.4324/9781315175775
  6. Checa P., Abundis-Gutierrez A. Parenting styles, academic achievement and the influence of culture. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Research Study, 2018. Vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 1—3. DOI:10.31031/PPRS.2018.01.000518
  7. Hirtenlehner H., Bacher J., Leitgöb H., Schartmueller D. Do morality and self-control protect from criminogenic peer influence? Testing multidimensional person-environment interactions. Justice Quarterly, 2022. Vol. 39, no 1, pp. 78—112. DOI:10.1080/07418825.2021.1903069
  8. Eremie M.D., Achi J.N. Parenting Styles and Self-Esteem of Junior Secondary School Students in Rivers State [Elektronnyi resurs]. International Academy Journal of Administration, Education and Society, 2019. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 27—42. URL: (Accessed 10.05.2023).
  9. Georgiou S.N., Ioannou M., Stavrinides P. Parenting styles and bullying at school: The mediating role of locus of control. International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2017. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 226—242. DOI:10.1080/21683603.2016.1225237
  10. Gillebaart M. The ‘operational’ definition of self-control. Frontiers in psychology, 2018. Vol. 9, article ID 1231, 5 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01231
  11. Grolnick W.S., Caruso A.J., Levitt M.R. Parenting and children’s self-regulation. In Bornstein M.H. (ed.), Handbook of parenting: The practice of parenting. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2019, pp. 34—64. DOI:10.4324/9780429401695-2
  12. Calders F., Bijttebier P., Bosmans G., Ceulemans E., Colpin H., Goossens L., Van Den Noortgate W., Verschueren K., Van Leeuwen K. Investigating the interplay between parenting dimensions and styles, and the association with adolescent outcomes. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 2020. Vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 327—342. DOI:10.1007/s00787-019-01349-x
  13. Krupić D., Ručević S., Vučković S. From parental personality over parental styles to children psychopathic tendencies. Current Psychology, 2020. 10 p. DOI:10.1007/s12144-020-00676-6
  14. Liu L., Wang N., Tian L. The parent-adolescent relationship and risk-taking behaviors among Chinese adolescents: The moderating role of self-control. Frontiers in psychology, 2019. Vol. 10, article ID 542, 8 p. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00542
  15. Meinert J., Reinecke J. Self-control during adolescence: Examining the stability of low self-control and the effects of parental social controls. European Journal of Criminology, 2018. Vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 523—543. DOI:10.1177/147737081774918
  16. Mesurado B., Vidal E.M., Mestre A.L. Negative emotions and behaviour: The role of regulatory emotional self-efficacy. Journal of adolescence, 2018. Vol. 64, pp. 62—71. DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.01.007
  17. Moilanen K.L., Padilla-Walker L.M., Blaacker D.R. Dimensions of short-term and long-term self-regulation in adolescence: Associations with maternal and paternal parenting and parent-child relationship quality. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2018. Vol. 47, pp. 1409—1426. DOI:10.1007/s10964-018-0825-6
  18. Moilanen K.L., Rasmussen K.E., Padilla-Walker L.M. Bidirectional associations between self-regulation and parenting styles in early adolescence. Journal of research on adolescence, 2015. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 246—262. DOI:10.1111/jora.12125
  19. Nigg J. T. Annual Research Review: On the relations among self-regulation, self-control, executive functioning, effortful control, cognitive control, impulsivity, risk taking, and inhibition for developmental psychopathology. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 2017. Vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 361—383. DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12675
  20. Oliva A., Antolín-Suárez L., Rodríguez-Meirinhos A. Uncovering the link between self-control, age, and psychological maladjustment among Spanish adolescents and young adults. Psychosocial Intervention, 2019. Vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 49—55. DOI:10.5093/pi2019a1
  21. Keipi T., Näsi M., Oksanen A., Räsänen P. Online Hate and Harmful Content: Cross-National Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2017. 154 p. DOI:10.4324/9781315628370
  22. Cooke J.E., Kochendorfer L.B., Stuart-Parrigon K.L., Koehn A.J., Kerns K.A. Parent—child attachment and children’s experience and regulation of emotion: A meta-analytic review. Emotion, 2019. Vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1103—1126. DOI:10.1037/emo0000504
  23. Li J. B., Willems Y.E., Stok F. M., Deković M., Bartels M., Finkenauer C. Parenting and self-control across early to late adolescence: A three-level meta-analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2019. Vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 967—1005. DOI:10.1177/1745691619863046
  24. Caruso A., Grolnick W., Rabner J., Lebel A. Parenting, self-regulation, and treatment adherence in pediatric chronic headache: A self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Health Psychology, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1637—1650. DOI:10.1177/1359105319884596
  25. Pechmann C., Catlin J.R., Zheng Y. Facilitating adolescent well‐being: A review of the challenges and opportunities and the beneficial roles of parents, schools, neighborhoods, and policymakers. Journal of consumer psychology, 2020. Vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 149—177. DOI:10.1002/jcpy.1136
  26. Pinquart M. Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: An updated meta-analysis. Developmental psychology, 2017. Vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 873—932. DOI:10.1037/dev0000295
  27. Piquero A.R., Rocque M. Changing self control: Promising efforts and a way forward. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2020. Special Issue: Transition & Development Vol. 2, vol. 2020, no. 173, pp. 39—47. DOI:10.1002/cad.20368
  28. Rezaei S., PourHadi S., Shabahang R. Relationship of Perceived Parenting Styles with Self-Control Capacity and Affective Self-Regulation Among Delinquent Adolescents. Caspian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 2019. Vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 56—65. DOI:10.32598/CJNS.5.17.56
  29. Robson, D.A., Allen M.S., Howard S.J. Self-regulation in childhood as a predictor of future outcomes: A meta-analytic review. Psychological bulletin, 2020. Vol. 146, no. 4, pp. 324—354. DOI:10.1037/bul0000227
  30. Simons L.G., Sutton T.E. The long arm of parenting: How parenting styles influence crime and the pathways that explain this effect. Criminology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2021. Vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 520—544. DOI:10.1111/1745-9125.12285
  31. Smetana J.G. Current research on parenting styles, dimensions, and beliefs. Current opinion in psychology, 2017. Vol. 15, pp. 19—25. DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.02.012
  32. Holmes C., Brieant A., Kahn R., Deater-Deckard K., Kim-Spoon J. Structural home environment effects on developmental trajectories of self-control and adolescent risk taking. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2019. Vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 43—55. DOI:10.1007/s10964-018-0921-7
  33. Theresya J., Latifah M., Hernawati N. The effect of parenting style, self-efficacy, and self-regulated learning on adolescents’ academic achievement. Journal of Child Development Studies, 2018. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 28—43. DOI:10.29244/jcds.3.1.28-43
  34. Varma P., Cheaskul U., Poonpol P. The influence of parenting styles on academic adjustment and psychological well-being among Thai university students mediated by Internet addiction and self-regulation: A path model [Elektronnyi resurs]. Journal for Leadership and Instruction, 2018. Vol. 17(2), pp. 13—24. URL: (Accessed 10.05.2023).
  35. Xiong R., Li S.D., Xia Y. A longitudinal study of authoritative parenting, juvenile delinquency and crime victimization among Chinese adolescents. International journal of environmental research and public health, 2020. Vol. 17, no. 4, article ID 1405, 15 p. DOI:10.3390/ijerph17041405

Information About the Authors

Yana P. Koroleva, researcher, PhD Student, HSE University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 707
Previous month: 47
Current month: 18


Total: 284
Previous month: 21
Current month: 4