Philosophy of Culture — Psychology — Linguistics Triad: Bronisław Malinowski’s Conception as regards Interdisciplinarity

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Abstract

A shift in philosophical thinking towards language, signs and their meanings marked an early 20th century. It was a contrast to the metaphysical and rationalist thought style of classical philosophy, centred on reason as expressed in Descartes’ «Cogito, ergo sum». Language, like culture, reveals the essence of what is happening; the word is the key to understanding the truth that can unite peoples and destroy civilizations. In 20th century, too, culture continued to be studied from various angles, including biological and psychological. Influenced by W. Wundt’s ideas on folk psychology (Völkerpsychologie), B. Malinowski considered it crucial to explore the local language and culture to discover the full meaning of words and expressions. He argued that the true meaning of a word could only be seen by contextualizing it with other words, and offered his own approach to translating. Malinowski’s term «situational context» became a key concept in functional linguistics.

General Information

Keywords: philosophy of culture, psychology, linguistics, translation, situational context, Bronisław Malinowski, Völkerpsychologie concept, Wilhelm Wundt

Journal rubric: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2023100205

Received: 01.06.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Averyushkin A.N., Kanel I.V. Philosophy of Culture — Psychology — Linguistics Triad: Bronisław Malinowski’s Conception as regards Interdisciplinarity [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2023. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 57–64. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2023100205. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Alexander N. Averyushkin, PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy and Humanities, Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3150-0385, e-mail: paperitetics@yandex.ru

Irina V. Kanel, PhD student, Department of Linguodidactics and Intercultural Communication, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1851-3045, e-mail: kaneliv@mgppu.ru

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