Does a School Need a Teacher? Psychological Problems of Professional Development in Teachers



The paper focuses on the teacher's status in modern society, in modern education system that is being reformed, in the 'teacher-student' relationship. The author argues that reforms in education turn out to be ineffective because of certain changes in its content that leave moral and ethical development of children outside the educational process. Today, in the age of computers and new technologies, the need for the highly professional teacher capable of teaching children how to coexist and communicate with each other, how to know themselves and to make the right (moral!) choice in their life, – this need is highly evident today. The author argues that professional development of teachers should enable them to solve the most fundamental existential problems of human life. It is this that one of the core conditions of continuing pedagogical education, 'psychologisation' of teacher's consciousness and activity, is aimed at.

General Information

Keywords: education system modernisation; 'knowledge', 'competence' and 'personality development' paradigms in education, concepts and technologies of teacher's professional development, teacher's integral personality characteristics, alternative models of teacher's work; national education; 'psychologisation' of teacher's consciousness and activity

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

For citation: Mitina L.M. Does a School Need a Teacher? Psychological Problems of Professional Development in Teachers. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2008. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 28–34. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Mitina L. M. Uchitel' kak lichnost' i professional (Psihologicheskie problemy). M., 1994.
  2. Mitina L. M. Psihologiya professional'nogo razvitiya uchitelya. M., 1998.
  3. Mitina L. M. Upravlyat' ili podavlyat': Vybor strategii professional'noi zhiznedetel'nosti pedagoga. M., 1999.
  4. Mitina L. M. Psihologiya razvitiya konkurentosposobnoi lichnosti. M., 2003.
  5. Mitina L. M. Psihologiya truda i professional'nogo razvitiya uchitelya. M., 2004.
  6. Mitina L. M., Mitin G. V., Anisimova O. A. Professional'naya deyatel'nost' i zdorov'e pedagoga. M., 2005.

Information About the Authors

Larisa M. Mitina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chief Researcher, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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