Intellectual Development Features and Status in the Nursery Group in Preschool Age

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Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of intellectual development of high-status, middle-status and low-status members of the educational preschool groups. It is shown that the intellectual development of high status and middle status 4-5 years old children is higher than their low-status peers, especially in such aspects as perception, attention, and memory. This integral indicator of high status subjects corresponds to the average or high level of intelligence, and for most of the subjects of this category is characterized by a high level. An integral component of intellectual development of middle-status children is comparable to the one in high-status. In fact, there is only one, but not least, difference between the two categories: among high-status children there is no kids whose integral indicator of intellectual development is below average. Integral indicator of intellectual development of most low-status subjects corresponds to the low intelligence level. We analyzed a dialectical relationship of intellectual, social, and psychological development of preschool children according to the concept of «interpersonal situation of development». The article presents methodical maintenance of structure definition of interpersonal relations in the preschool educational groups. The study proposed a number of scientific and practical recommendations.

General Information

Keywords: intellectual development, status and role position, interpersonal development situation

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2015200405

For citation: Ilyin V.A., Khrisanova E.V. Intellectual Development Features and Status in the Nursery Group in Preschool Age. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2015. Vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 46–56. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2015200405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Valery A. Ilyin, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Social Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7784-5616, e-mail: 0405@mail.ru

Elizaveta V. Khrisanova, Еducational psychologist, Child Development Center - kindergarten No 37 «Ryabinka», Post-graduate Student, Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: khrisanova.elizaveta@yandex.ru

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