The “Authentic Self” as a Predictor of Emerging Adulthood in Students



This article explores the role of “authentic Self” in the developmental processes of students aged 18—33 years. The study involved 320 undergraduate and graduate students of Russian universities. The following aspects were measured: the reflexive assessment of the “authentic Self” and “adult Self” (using the author’s technique), the existential life fulfillment (“Existential Motivation Test”, EMT), the socio-psychological adaptation and maturity (“Social and Psychological Adaptation Questionnaire”, SPA).The outcomes of the study demonstrate that the emotional experience of emerging adulthood is associated with one becoming aware of a combination of characteristics of adulthood (the adoption of responsibility and independence, the achievement of stable employment and stable interpersonal relationships) and the authentic being of personality (relativity and personal involvement in the process of life).We also found that the degree of the students’ reflection of the “authentic Self” acts as a predictor of optimistic assessment of the existential life fulfillment and achievement of socio-psychological maturity.

General Information

Keywords: authentic Self, adult Self, emerging adulthood, reflection, authenticity, students

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Klementyeva M.V. The “Authentic Self” as a Predictor of Emerging Adulthood in Students. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 64–74. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2020250306. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Almaev N.A.Primenenie kontent-analiza v issledovaniyakh lichnosti: metodicheskie voprosy [The use of content-analysis in personality research: methodological issues].Moscow: Publ.«Institut psikhologii RAN», 2012.167 p.
  2. Voiskunskii A.E., Soldatova G.U.Epidemiya odinochestva v tsifrovom obshchestve: khikikomori kak kul’turno-psikhologicheskii fenomen [Epidemic of Loneliness in a Digital Society: Hikikomori as a Cultural and Psychological Phenomenon].Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2019.Vol.27, no. 3, pp.22—43.DOI:10.17759/ cpp.2019270303.(In Russ.).
  3. Krushelnitskaya O.B., Polevaya M.V., Tretiyakova A.N.Motivation to Higher Education and its Structure [Elektronnyi resurs].Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological-Educational Studies, 2019.Vol.11, no.2, pp.43—57.doi:10.17759/ psyedu.2019110205.Available at: (Accessed 18.03.2020).(In Russ.)
  4. Lukyanchenko N.V., Dovydenko L.V., Alikin I.A.Values of success in introducing the generation Z student youth.Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo=Social Psychology and Society, 2019.Vol.10, no.2, pp.82— 94.(In Russ.).DOI:10.17759/sps.2019100207
  5. Lengle A.Person: Ekzistentsial’no-analiticheskaya teoriya lichnosti: per.s nem.[Person: Existential and Analytical Theory of Personality].Moscow: Genesis.2008.159 p.(In Russ.).
  6. Averina A.Zh.i dr.Lichnostnyi potentsial: struktura i diagnostika [Personal potential: structure and diagnosis].In Leont’ev D.A.(ed.).Moscow: Smysl.2011.679 p.(In Russ.).
  7. Moskvicheva N.L., Rean A.A., Kostromina S.N., Grishina N.V., Zinovieva E.V.Zhiznennye modeli molodykh lyudei: predstavleniya o budushchei sem’e i modeli, transliruemoi roditelyami [Life Models in Young People: Ideas of Future Family and Impacts of Parental Models].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2019.Vol.24, no.3, pp.5—18.DOI:10.17759/pse.2019240301.(In Russ.)
  8. Osnitskii A.K.Opredelenie kharakteristik sotsial’noi adaptatsii [Characterization of social adaptation].Psikhologiya i shkola=Psychology and School,, pp.43—56.(In Russ.).
  9. Psikhologiya rannego studencheskogo vozrasta [Psychology of Early Student Age].In Berezhkovskaya E.L.(ed.).Moscow: Prospekt.2014.193 p.(In Russ.).
  10. Sapogova E.E.Ekzistentsial’naya psikhologiya vzroslosti [Existential psychology of adulthood].Moscow: Smysl, 2013.760 p.
  11. Tolstykh N.N.Sovremennoe vzroslenie [Modern maturation].Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015.Vol.23, no.4, pp.7—24.DOI:10.17759/cpp.2015230402 (In Russ.)
  12. Shumskii V.B., Ukolova E.M., Osin E.N., Lupandina Ya.D.Diagnostika ekzistentsial’noi ispolnennosti: original’naya russkoyazychnaya versiya testa ekzistentsial’nykh motivatsii [Measuring Existential Fulfillment: An Original Russian Version of Test of Existential Motivations].Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki = Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2016.Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 763—788.
  13. Arnett J.J.Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties (2nd edition).Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press, 2015.416 р.DOI:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199795574.013.9.
  14. Arnett J.J., Žukauskienė R., Sugimura K.The new life stage of emerging adulthood at ages 18—29 years: implications for mental health.Lancet Psychiatry, 2014.Vol.1, pp.569—76.DOI:10.1016/S2215- 0366(14)00080-7
  15. Hutchison E.D.Dimensions of human behavior: The changing life course (5th ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2015.576 р.
  16. Kernis M.H., Goldman B.M.A multicomponent conceptualization of authenticity: theory and research.Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 2006.Vol. 38, pp.283—357.DOI:10.1016/S0065- 2601(06)38006-9
  17. Landberg M., Lee B., Noack P.What Alters the Experience of Emerging Adulthood? How the Experience of Emerging Adulthood Differs According to Socioeconomic Status and Critical Life Events.Emerging Adulthood, 2019.Vol.7, no.3, pp.208—222.DOI: 10.1177/2167696819831793
  18. Twenge J.M.The Evidence for Generation Me and Against Generation We.Emerging Adulthood, 2013.Vol. 1, no.1, pp.11—16.DOI:10.1177/2167696812466548
  19. Wilt J.A., Thomas S., McAdams D.P.Authenticity and inauthenticity in narrative identity.Heliyon, 2019.Vol.5, no.7, e02178.DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02178
  20. Wood A.M., Linley P., Maltby J., Baliousis M., Joseph S.The authentic personality: a theoretical and empirical conceptualization and the development of the Authenticity Scale. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2008.Vol.55, no.3, pp. 385—399.DOI:10.1037/0022- 0167.55.3.385

Information About the Authors

Marina V. Klementyeva, Doctor of Psychology, Dozent, Professor, Department of Psychology and Human Capital Development, Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 1332
Previous month: 8
Current month: 17


Total: 798
Previous month: 2
Current month: 4