New Science Literacy: Problems and Difficulties of Formation



In a pandemic, science literacy is transformed from a subject of sociological research into a question of the survival of society itself. attitude of various groups and individuals to vaccination shows the real state of science literacy and reveals significant problems in its formation. The article examines the main stages in the development of the concept of natural science (science) literacy and the importance of critical science literacy in a stream containing conflicting scientific information and expert opinions. The article demonstrates the ineffectiveness of formation strategies without specially organized work on the development of initial pre-science ideas in children and adults.

General Information

Keywords: science literacy, natural science literacy, natural science education, STEM, pandemic, COVID-19, student initial input, naive theories

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No.073-00041-21-05 dated 07/14/2021 “Formation of the psychological component in the methodological training of future teachers necessary for analyzing the causes of student mistakes in order to develop their subject conceptual thinking in the process of solving educational tasks”.

Received: 01.10.2021


For citation: Margolis A.A. New Science Literacy: Problems and Difficulties of Formation. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 5–24. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2021260601. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Arkadiy A. Margolis, PhD in Psychology, Rector, Professor, Chair of Pedagogical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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