Need-Based and Instrumental Approach to the Development and Training of Gifted Children



The main problem of the development of gifted children, especially the so-called “prodigies”, are the difficulties of turning their increased mental capabilities (potential giftedness) into actual creative abilities (talent). The vividly developed cognitive need in these children most often has a passive character, turning, in fact, only into an “accumulation of knowledge”, and therefore does not become the basis for the development of talent. As the main motivation necessary for the transformation of potential giftedness into talent, a special “searching need” is considered which manifests itself at an early age, but under the influence of society, including school education, it is significantly deformed and does not ensure the development of creative potential. The article considers a new, needs-based and instrumental approach to the development and training of gifted children, which contributes to the preservation and strengthening of the search need, as well as the possibilities and prospects of collecting evidence for its further development and application. The article is intended for psychologists and educators.

General Information

Keywords: Gifted children, internal motivation, cognitive need, practice of working with gifted children, talent

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The article was prepared within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No.073-00041-21-03 dated 11.06.2021 “Development of methodological bases for the formation of a unified national approach to the definition of social (including educational) practices with proven effectiveness”.

Received: 22.11.2021


For citation: Yurkevich V.S. Need-Based and Instrumental Approach to the Development and Training of Gifted Children. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 128–138. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2021260610. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Viktoriya S. Yurkevich, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Theoretical and Experimental Foundations of Social Psychology, Department of Social Psychology, Head of Resource Center for Giftedness, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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