A Comprehensive Approach to the Professional Development of Specialists of Guardianship and Guardianship Authorities in Relation to Minors

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Abstract

The article discusses the relevance and grounds for the creation of a comprehensive system of professional development of specialists of guardianship and guardianship (OOIP) in relation to minors who are state and municipal employees. Currently, there is no system of specialized professional training of OOIP specialists within the framework of secondary and higher education. The article analyzes the experience of conducting advanced training courses and the work of the only master's degree in the country in the direction of "Specialist OOIP in relation to minors", which combines two models: "inconsistent", since there is no consistent bachelor's degree, and "advanced training", designed for people who already have work experience. The conducted research on a sample of 1080 OOIP specialists revealed the specifics of their work, psychological well-being, educational needs, and the relevance of master's degree studies. The analysis of professional development programs showed that psychological and pedagogical disciplines occupy about 50% of the volume. The study revealed the presence of new trends: confessional competencies required to work with families of different faiths, competencies in the field of digitalization of specialists' activities, mediation skills, the ability to work in an interdepartmental and multidisciplinary team, the ability to identify the opinion of a child of any age on issues affecting his interests are in demand. It is shown that the system of training of OOIP specialists includes professional and personal self-development and self-improvement, one of the forms of which are professional skill contests. The innovation of recent years has been the creation of resource centers in the regions that provide methodological support, consulting, organization and maintenance of a closed group in a social network, supervision, training events for OOIP specialists. It is recommended to include in the regional professional development programs, in addition to advanced training courses, other elements of the personnel management system: planning, organization, selection, motivation, stimulation, control, as well as career management of OOIP specialists.

General Information

Keywords: professional development, specialists of guardianship and guardianship authorities, educational needs, master’s degree, comprehensive approach

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2022270613

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-01 dated 21.01.2022 "Scientific and educational and methodological support for the implementation of the system of professional development of specialists of guardianship and guardianship authorities".

Received: 26.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Semya G.V., Lashkul M.V., Yarovikоva O.A. A Comprehensive Approach to the Professional Development of Specialists of Guardianship and Guardianship Authorities in Relation to Minors. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2022. Vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 170–182. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2022270613. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Galina V. Semya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department Psychology of Education, Chair of Developmental Psychology Named after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Member of the Coordinating Council of the President of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the “National Strategy for Action for the Benefit of Childrenfor 2012-2017” (Head of the Working Group “Equal opportunities for children in need of special care of the state”); Co-chairman of the Expert Council of the State Duma Committee of the Family, Women and Children; International Expert, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9583-8698, e-mail: gvsemia@yandex.ru

Marina V. Lashkul, Deputy Director, Federal State Budgetary Institution “Centre for Protection of Rights and Interests of Children”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6907-1881, e-mail: ml-69@yandex.ru

Olga A. Yarovikоva, Head of the Structural Division, Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Interests, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3862-0902, e-mail: o.yarovikova@mail.ru