Psychological Analysis of the Competence of a Primary School Teacher in Working on Students' Subject Mistakes

361

Abstract

The results of an empirical study of the competence of teachers of primary general education in working on students' subject mistakes are presented. The study sample consisted of 2,603 teachers engaged in the implementation of primary general education programs from 7 subjects of the Russian Federation. The sample of the study is referential to the general population of primary school teachers according to the criteria of gender, age, teaching experience, level of education, qualifications, implemented educational program. To study the competence of primary school teachers in working on subject mistakes, the cases were developed on the material of the courses "Mathematics" and "Natural science". Each case included the description of the problem in solving which the student made a mistake. The teacher was asked to identify the mistake made, identify the original ideas of the students behind them and suggest a way to work with it. The results obtained indicate the low competence of primary school teachers in working on subject mistakes. The initial ideas of students do not act as a means of working on mistakes and the starting point of pedagogical work on the formation of scientific concepts. The article shows the importance of the teacher's ability to identify the initial subject representations and their significance in the formation of students' subject thinking.

General Information

Keywords: methodological competence of primary school teachers; mathematical and natural science mistakes; development; initial ideas; scientific concepts; educational tasks; reflection; joint activity

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2023000002

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 08.04.2022 "Formation of the psychological component of the methodological training of the future teacher, necessary for analyzing the causes of students' mistakes in order to develop their subject conceptual thinking in the process of solving educational tasks".

Acknowledgements. The authors thank the head of the Department of Planning and Support of Scientific Projects and Events E.V. Arzhanykh and the senior researcher of the Information and Analytical sector of the Department of Planning and Support of Scientific Projects and Events O.N. Andreeva for their help in processing the survey data.

Received: 26.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Isaev E.I., Margolis A.A., Safronova M.A. Psychological Analysis of the Competence of a Primary School Teacher in Working on Students' Subject Mistakes. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2023. Vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 5–24. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2023000002. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Evegeniy I. Isaev, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Professor, Chair of Pedagogical Psychology named after Professor V.A. Guruzhapov, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4652-5780, e-mail: eiisaev@yandex.ru

Arkadiy A. Margolis, PhD in Psychology, Rector, Professor, Chair of Pedagogical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9832-0122, e-mail: margolisaa@mgppu.ru

Maria A. Safronova, PhD in Psychology, Dean of the Faculty of Psychology of Education, Research fellow of the laboratory of Theoretical and experimental issues in cultural-historical psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3597-6375, e-mail: mariasaf@gmail.com

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