Career orientations and self-centered personality characteristics of future humanities specialists

362

Abstract

The materials of the study of career orientations and self-centered characteristics of the personality of humanities students of the Institute of Social Engineering of the Siberian State University of Science and Technology named after Academician M.F. Reshetnev (N=76). The methodological basis of the work was the modern understanding of the career path as determined by a system of interrelated factors. A hypothesis is put forward about the relationship between the career orientations of future professionals in the humanities and socially expected I-centered personal characteristics. The study uses: the questionnaire "Career Anchors", "Methodology for the study of the psychological well-being of the individual", "Questionnaire of self-attitude", "Test of meaningful life orientations"; for data processing – descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The general trends in the severity of career orientations among humanities students and their features, which constitute the risk zone for productive career self-realization, are determined. It has been revealed that the severity of student-oriented career orientations that involve high social activity is associated with the level of meaningfulness of life in combination with certain characteristics of self-attitude and psychological well-being. It is concluded that the data obtained clarify the understanding of the situation with career self-determination of future humanitarian specialists, which is necessary for the design of psychological technologies for its optimization (in education, thematic seminars and trainings, career counseling). In particular, to create optimal means of overcoming the contradiction between the orientation towards autonomy and the stability of the place of work, to stimulate the orientation towards professional competence through the formation of self-interest, etc.

General Information

Keywords: students; humanities specialists; career; career orientations; personality characteristics; psychological well-being; self-attitude; meaningfulness of life; life-meaning orientations

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2023280102

Received: 24.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Lukyanchenko N.V. Career orientations and self-centered personality characteristics of future humanities specialists. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2023. Vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 40–51. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2023280102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Vasilevskaya E.Yu. Sravnitel'nyi analiz vozmozhnykh «Ya», svyazannykh s professiei, u rossiiskikh i amerikanskikh studentov [Comparative analysis of pressional possible selves among russian and american students] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Organizatsionnaya psikhologiya = Organizational Psychology, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 95–110. (Accessed 26.01.2021). (In Russ.).
  2. Vasilyeva E.N., Scherbakov A.V. Gendernaya spetsifika lichnostnogo komponenta v strukture kar'ernogo potentsiala na nachal'nom etape obucheniya v vuze [Gender Specifics of Personality Component in the Structure of Career Potential of University Students]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 26–35. DOI:10.17759/pse.2020250103 (In Russ.).
  3. Volkova N.V., Chiker V.A. Kar'ernye ustanovki studentov strategicheski perspektivnykh napravlenii obucheniya [Career attitudes of students of strategically promising areas of study]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 90–107. DOI:10.17759/sps.2018090107 (In Russ.).
  4. Demin A.N., Sedykh A.B. Adaptatsiya metodiki dlya izucheniya kar'ernogo samoopredeleniya lichnosti [Adaptation of the methodology for the study of career self-determination of personality]. Chelovek. Obshchestvo. Upravlenie = Human. Society. Control, 2013, no. 4, pp. 6–16. (In Russ.).
  5. Ermolaeva M.V., Lubovsky D.V. Psikhologicheskii kapital organizatsii v kontekste resursnogo i sotsial'no-psikhologicheskogo podkhodov [Psychological Capital of the Organization in the Context of Resource and Socio-Psychological Approaches]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2020. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 59–70. DOI:10.17759/sps.2020110405 (In Russ.).
  6. Ermolova T.V., Litvinov A.V., Savitskaya N.V., Logvinova O.K. Prioritety psikhologo-pedagogicheskoi raboty s pokoleniem Z (zarubezhnyi opyt) [Priorities of psychological and educational work with generation Z (foreign experience)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 89–102. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2020090408 (In Russ.).
  7. Kulagina I.Y., Apasova E.V. Razvitie lichnosti pri obuchenii v vuze (sravnitel'noe issledovanie) [Personality Development in the Context of University Training: A Comparative Study]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2018. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 12–23. DOI:10.17759/chp.2018140202 (In Russ.).
  8. Leont'ev D.A. Test smyslozhiznennykh orientatsii (SZhO) [Life-Meaning Orientation Test (LSS)]. Moscow: Smysl, 2000. 16 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Litvinova E.Yu. Polivariativnaya kar'era: perspektivy izucheniya [Protean career: perspectives of study] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2013. Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 118–129. (In Russ.).
  10. Luk'yanchenko N.V. Vzaimosvyaz' professional'no znachimykh kachestv lichnosti i rabochei motivatsii rukovoditelei s ikh psikhologicheskim blagopoluchiem [The relationship of professionally significant personality traits and work motivation of managers with their psychological well-being]. Sibirskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Siberian Psychological Journal, 2016, no. 62, pp. 153–168. (In Russ.).
  11. Pavlotskaya Ya.I. Sootnoshenie psikhologicheskogo blagopoluchiya i sotsial'no-psikhologicheskikh kharakteristik lichnosti. Diss. … kand. psikhol. nauk [Correlation of psychological well-being and socio-psychological characteristics of an individual. PhD (Psychology) Thesis]. Volgograd, 2015. 183 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Pulyaeva V.N., Nevryuev A.N. Vzaimosvyaz' bazovykh psikhologicheskikh potrebnostei, akademicheskoi motivatsii i otchuzhdeniya ot ucheby obuchayushchikhsya v sisteme vysshego obrazovaniya [The Relationship of Basic Psychological Needs, Academic Motivation and Alienation from Study of Students in Higher Education]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 19–32. DOI:10.17759/pse.2020250202 (In Russ.).
  13. Stolin V.V., Pantileev S.R. Oprosnik samootnosheniya [Self-attitude questionnaire]. Praktikum po psikhodiagnostike: Psikhodiagnosticheskie materialy [Workshop on psychodiagnostics: Psychodiagnostic materials]. Moscow, 1988, pp. 123–130. (In Russ.).
  14. Kholmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G., Tsatsulin T.O. Dinamika pokazatelei perfektsionizma i simptomov emotsional'nogo neblagopoluchiya v rossiiskoi studencheskoi populyatsii za poslednie desyat' let: kogortnoe issledovanie [Dynamics of Indicators of Perfectionism and Symptoms of Emotional Distress in the Russian Student Population over the Past Ten Years: Cohort Study]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2019. Vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 41–50. DOI:10.17759/chp.2019150305 (In Russ.).
  15. Chiker V.A. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika organizatsii i personala [Psychological diagnostics of the organization and personnel]. Sankt-Peterburg: Rech', 2004. 176 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Shevelenkova T.D., Fesenko P.P. Psikhologicheskoe blagopoluchie lichnosti (obzor kontseptsii i metodika issledovaniya) [Psychological well-being of the individual (overview of concepts and research methodology)]. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika = Psychological diagnostics, 2005, no. 3, pp. 95–129. (In Russ.).
  17. Ona A. Career anchors of students with talent in technical domains. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015. Vol. 191, pp. 407–412. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.240
  18. Rodrigues R., Guest D., Budjanovcanin A. From anchors to orientations: Towards a contemporary theory of career preferences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2013. Vol. 83, pp. 142–152. DOI:10.1016/j.jvb.2013.04.002
  19. Schein E.H. Career anchors revisited: implications for career development in the 21st Century. The Academy of Management. Executive, 1996. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 80–88. DOI:10.5465/ame.1996.3145321
  20. Schein E.H., Van Maanene J. Career anchors and job/role planning: Tools for career and talent management. Organizational Dynamics, 2016. Vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 165–173. DOI:10.1016/j.orgdyn.2016.07.002
  21. Van der Stel J. Perfectionisme leidt tot angst en burnout [Elektronnyi resurs]. Ggznieuws.nl. 05.02.18. Available at: https://www.ggznieuws.nl/home/perfectionisme-leidt-totangst-en-burnout (Accessed 10.09.2021).

Information About the Authors

Natalya V. Lukyanchenko, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Siberian State University of Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2813-9461, e-mail: Luk.nv@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 702
Previous month: 58
Current month: 29

Downloads

Total: 362
Previous month: 26
Current month: 24