European Children Toys

1183

Abstract

This article represents the investigations of phenomenon of a toy, the approaches to examination of toys in the European science. The analysis of basic approaches to research of toys and their theoretical and methodical bases are presented. Also the role of toys in the development of the child personality is described. Changes in the relations to the games and toys, loss of their value during the epoch of postmodern are considered. We discussed the necessity of the psychological and pedagogical examination of toys in the article. The different lines of realizing the exrert1s estimation are shown. We described the comparative analysis of the psychological and pedagogical examination of toys in the Moscow City Center of examination of toys and German organization “Spiel gut”, which carries out the expert activity within 55 years. The cultural meaning of the toys in child development is in the center of expert’s interests. The scientific bases, criteria and concrete methods of carrying out the psychological and pedagogical examination of toys are compared. Also we showed the difference in the assortment of toys in Russia and Europe.

General Information

Keywords: Cultural, historical and activity approach, play, toys, games materials, psychology and pedagogical examination, the developing potential, qualities of the toy, free for child activities, operational possibilities of toys.

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Smirnova E.O., Abdulaeva E.A., Sokolova M.V. European Children Toys [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2010. Vol. 2, no. 5 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

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Information About the Authors

Elena O. Smirnova, Doctor of Psychology, Рrofessor of the Department of Preschool Pedagogics and Psychology of the Faculty of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Elena A. Abdulaeva, Educational contents specialist, Center of Psychological and Educational Expertise of Games and Toys, Associate Professor of the Department of Preschool Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow State University of psychology and education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia, e-mail: elena-abdulaeva@mail.ru

Mariya V. Sokolova, PhD in Psychology, Associated professor. Faculty of Advance Training, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: sokolovamw@mail.ru

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