Structure of achievement motive of students with different levels of perfectionism



The research which is described in the contribution was aimed at studying the structure of achievement motive among students with different levels of perfectionism. Indices of perfectionism, emotional maladaptation and achievement motivation, were evaluated in a group of 73 students of Moscow higher education institutions. Students with high indices of perfectionism under the Heckhausen’s TAT projective method showed high total motivation index, which indicates the existence of the so-called “achievement conflict”, in which case the need for achievement of success and fear of failure are equally intense. Such students strongly strive for success, at the same time wishing with the same strength to avoid failure. A correlation of total motivation index and indices of A.Beck’s depression inventory is identified. The received result clarifies the motivational basis of perfectionism which was until now studied from the positions of cognitive approach or trait theory. Achievement conflict may create a inequality of academic progress, imbalance of educational motivation, and drops of productivity. Interests and hobbies of students with an intense achievement conflict may also have an unstable nature.

General Information

Keywords: perfectionism, achievement motivation, achievement conflict, depression

Journal rubric: Psychology of Education

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Garanyan N.G., Nizovtseva A.A. Structure of achievement motive of students with different levels of perfectionism [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2012. Vol. 4, no. 1 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Garanyan N.G. Perfekcionizm i vrazhdebnost' kak lichnostnye faktory depressivnyh i trevozhnyh rasstroistv: Dis. … d-ra psihol. nauk. M., 2010.
  2. Garanyan N.G. Psihologicheskie modeli perfekcionizma  // Voprosy psihologii. 2009. ¹5.
  3. Garanyan N.G., Andrusenko D.A , Hlomov I.D. Perfekcionizm kak faktor studencheskoi dezadaptacii // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2009. ¹1.
  4. Garanyan N.G., Yudeeva T.Yu. Struktura perfekcionizma u pacientov s depressivnymi i trevozhnymi rasstroistvami // Psihologicheskii zhurnal. 2009. ¹6.
  5. Magomed-Eminov M.Sh. Motivaciya dostizheniya: struktura i mehanizmy: Dis. … kand. psihol. nauk. M., 1987.
  6. Moskova M.V. Lichnostnye faktory emocional'noi dezadaptacii studentov: Avtoref. dis. … kand. psihol. nauk.  M., 2008.
  7. Sokolova E.T. Narcissizm kak klinicheskii i sociokul'turnyi fenomen // Voprosy psihologii. 2009. ¹1.
  8. Hekhauzen H. Psihologiya motivacii dostizheniya. SPb., 2001.
  9. Holmogorova A.B. Teoreticheskie i empiricheskie osnovaniya integrativnoi psihoterapii rasstroistv affektivnogo spektra: Dis. … d-ra psihol. nauk. M., 2006.
  10. 10.   Holmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G., Evdokimova Ya.G. , Moskova M.V. Psihologicheskie faktory emocional'noi dezadaptacii u studentov // Voprosy psihologii. 2009. ¹3.
  11. Yudeeva T.Yu. Perfekcionizm kak lichnostnyi faktor depressivnyh i trevozhnyh rasstroistv: Avtoref. dis. … kand. psihol. nauk. M., 2007.
  12. Conroy D.E., Kaye M.P., Fifer A.M. Cognitive Links between Fear of Failure and Perfectionism // Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. 2007. V. 25.
  13. Hamachek D. Psychodynamics of Normal and Neurotic Perfectionism // Psychology. 1978. V. 15.
  14. Hamilton T.K., Schweitzer R.D. The Cost of Being Perfect: Perfectionism and Suicide Ideation in University Students // Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2000. V.34.

Information About the Authors

Natalia G. Garanyan, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Associate Professor, leading researcher at the Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, member of the editorial board of the journal "Consultative Psychology and Psychotherapy", Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

A. A. Nizovtseva, graduate, chair of clinical psychology, department of counseling psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia



Total: 3146
Previous month: 21
Current month: 8


Total: 4069
Previous month: 7
Current month: 3