Cognitive-style characteristics as criteria for differential diagnosis of delirium

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Abstract

We present a psychological study of the relationship of cognitive styles with the development of delusional formations, overvalued ideas and simulative products in order to develop criteria of delirium differential diagnosis. We examined 118 men, ordered at forensic psychological and psychiatric examination, among them delusional symptoms were found in 68 people, and overvalued ideas in 26 people, 24 people simulated delirium. As a method of research, we used pathopsychological experiment and projective techniques and methods that identify particular cognitive style (TAT, Rorschach, Torrance). We found that delusional patients, unlike those simulating a mental disorder, show field independence cognitive style combined with the rigidity that is characteristic also for patients with endogenous overvalued ideas. In personality disorders, we found combination of field independence with the flexibility or with rigidity.

General Information

Keywords: delusions, overvalued ideas, simulation, cognitive styles, field dependence, field independence.

Journal rubric: Juridical Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kuznetsov I., Morozova M. Cognitive-style characteristics as criteria for differential diagnosis of delirium [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2013. Vol. 5, no. 4 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

I. Kuznetsov, Medical Psychologist, Department of Psychology, V.P. Serbskiy State Research Center of Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Moscow, Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: Kuznetcov28@mail.ru

Marina Morozova, PhD in Psychology, senior Researcher Laboratory of Psychology, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3788-209X, e-mail: ekspertiza21@mail.ru

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