Features of Ethnic Awareness of Preschool Childrenin a Multicultural Educational Environment of Nalchik and Moscow

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Abstract

We substantiate the necessity of taking into account cultural and educational interests of representatives of different ethnicities and cultures and acquaintance of pre-school children with the peculiarities of different peoples, interacting with people with different traditions. We describe a study of ethnic awareness of preschool children of pre-school educational institutions with a multicultural educational environment, participated by 160 preschool children in Nalchik and 49 children in Moscow. All children constantly attend preschool. The gender composition of the sample was approximately equal. Ages of children at the time of the study ranged from 5 to 8 years. For the study of ethnic awareness of preschool children in Moscow and Nalchik, we prepared author questionnaire of nine questions that reveal representations of preschool children about the different ethnic cultures, as well as detect the presence or absence of knowledge of the features of their native culture. The survey found the overall average level of ethnic awareness of preschoolers, which is characterized by correct but largely fragmented, superficial understanding of the traditions and peculiarities of different peoples, the instability of interest in the traditions and folklore of the peoples, lack of motivation in preference.

General Information

Keywords: ethnic awareness, integration processes, pre-school education and training, multicultural background of preschool educational institutions

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2015070114

For citation: Nazranova L.Z. Features of Ethnic Awareness of Preschool Childrenin a Multicultural Educational Environment of Nalchik and Moscow [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2015. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 142–153. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2015070114. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Lelya Z. Nazranova, Post-graduate Student of the Department of Preschool Pedagogy and Psychology of the Faculty of Psychology of Education, Moscow Psychological University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: gingo07@mail.ru

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