Relationship between the Concepts “Self-Awareness”, “Self-Consciousness”, “Samosoznaniye” and “Samopoznaniye”



The article presents a comparative description of the concepts «self-awareness», «self-consciousness», «samosoznaniye» and «samopoznaniye» in English and Russian psychological literature. Reflected the results of scientific papers on various components of "I", compared the approaches to study these phenomena, given the characteristic of methods of their empirical study. As the basic approaches to understanding the studied phenomenon’s we took works of Silvia P. J., Duval T. S. (A theory of objective self-awareness), Fenigstein A., Scheier M. F., Buss A. H. (Public and private self-consciousness: Assessment and theory), Rubinshteyn S.L. (Being and consciousness), Stolin V.V. (Self-awareness of personality), Сhesnokova I.I. (The problem of self-awareness in psychology). Established differences in understanding of these phenomena, which are considered to be contiguous. The author makes an attempt to interpret foreign terms and offers their translation. This work will be one of the steps towards the unification of psychological terms and theories.

General Information

Keywords: «self-awareness», «self-consciousness», «samosoznaniye» and «samopoznaniye», self-focused attention, social anxiety, self-regulation, self-attitude, self-knowledge

Journal rubric: Methodology and Technology of Education

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Kishkilev S.Y. Relationship between the Concepts “Self-Awareness”, “Self-Consciousness”, “Samosoznaniye” and “Samopoznaniye” [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2018. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 46–55. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2018100305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Agapov V.S., Yegunova Ye.V. Tipologiya strukturnoy integratsii samosoznaniya lichnosti [Typology of structural integration of self-consciousness of the individual]. Moscow: MNEPU, 2008. 132 p.
  2. Akopov G.V. Psikhologiya soznaniya: Voprosy metodologii, teorii i prikladnykh issledovaniy [Psychology of Consciousness: Questions of methodology, theory and applied research]. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RAN, 2010. 272 p.
  3. Blokhina T. S. Sootnosheniye ponyatiy "YA-kontseptsiya" I "obraz YA" [The relation between the concepts "I-concept" and "image of the I"]. Akmeologiya [Acmeology], 2017, no.3 (63), pp.23–28.
  4. Bolotova A. K. Dinamichnost' samosoznaniya i izmeneniye yego komponentov vo vremeni [Dynamic self-awareness and change of its components in time]. Perspektivnyye napravleniya psikhologicheskoy nauki [Prospective directions of psychological science]. Moscow: HSE, 2012, pp. 46-63.
  5. Meshcheryakova B.G., Zinchenko V.P. (eds.), Bol'shoy psikhologicheskiy slovar' [Big psychological dictionary]. Moscow: Praym-Yevroznak, 2008. 672 p.
  6. Prosekova Ye. N. Fenomen samosoznaniya v trudakh otechestvennykh i zarubezhnykh uchenykh [Phenomenon of Self-Consciousness in the Works of Domestic and Foreign Scientists]. Obshchestvo: sotsiologiya, psikhologiya, pedagogika [Society: Sociology, Psychology, Pedagogy], 2016, no. 4, pp.85–88.
  7. Rubinshteyn S.L. Bytiye i soznaniye [Being and consciousness]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2017. 724 p.
  8. Stolin V.V. Samosoznaniye lichnosti [Self-consciousness of personality]. Moscow: Publ. Moskovskogo Universiteta, 1983. 284 p.
  9. Chesnokova I.I. Problema samosoznaniya v psikhologii [The problem of self-awareness in psychology]. Moscow: Nauka, 1977. 144 p.
  10. Chalmers D.J. Moving forward on the problem of consciousness. The Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1997. Vol. 4 (1), pp. 3—46.
  11. Creed A.T. Funder D.C. The two faces of private self-consciousness: Self report, peer-report, and behavioral correlates. European Journal of Personality, 1998. Vol. 12, pp. 411–431. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0984(199911/12)13:63.0.CO;2-M
  12. Duval T.S. Wicklund R.A.A theory of objective self-awareness. New York: Academic, 1972. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1978.tb00607.x
  13. Fenigstein A. Scheier M.F. Buss A.H. Public and private self-consciousness: Assessment and theory. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1975. Vol. 43, pp. 522-527. doi: 10.1037/h0076760.
  14. Hull J.G. Van Treuren R.R. Ashford S.J. Propsom P. Andrus B.W. Self-consciousness and the processing of selfrelevant information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1988. Vol. 54, pp. 452–465. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.54.3.452
  15. Ingram R.E. Self-focused attention in clinical disorders: Review and a conceptual model. Psychological Bulletin, 1990. Vol. 107, pp. 156–176. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.156.
  16. Martin A.J. Debus R.L. Alternative factor structure for the Revised Self-Consciousness Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1999. Vol. 72(2), pp. 266–281. doi: 10.1207/S15327752JP720211
  17. Pyszczynski T. Hamilton J.C. Greenberg J. Becker S.E. Self-awareness and psychological dysfunction. In Snyder C. R. Forsyth D. R. (Eds.), Handbook of social and clinical psychology: The health perspective, 1991, pp. 138-157.
  18. Scheier M.F. Carver C.S. The Self-Consciousness Scale: A revised version for use with general populations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1985. Vol. 15, pp. 687–699. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1985.tb02268.x
  19. Silvia P.J. Duval T.S. Objective self-awareness theory: Recent progress and enduring problems. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2001, pp. 230–241. doi: 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0503_4
  20. Silvia P.J. Explaining personality or explaining variance? A comment on Creed and Funder. European Journal of Personality, 1999. Vol. 13, pp. 533–538. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0984(199911/12)13:6<533::AID-PER354>3.0.CO;2-0
  21. Silvia P.J. Gendolla G.H.E. On introspection and self-perception: Does self-focused attention enable accurate self-knowledge? Review of General Psychology, 2011. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.5.3.241
  22. Tassi P., Muzet A. Defining the states of consciousness. Neiroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2001. Vol. 25, pp. 175—191. doi: 10.1016/S0149-7634(01)00006-9
  23. Trapnell P.D. Campbell J.D. Private self-consciousness and the five-factor model of personality: Distinguishing minination from reflection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999. Vol. 76, pp. 284–304. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.76.2.284
  24. Velmans M. An introduction to the science of consciousness. In M.Velmans (Eds.), The Science of Consciousness: Psychological, Neuropsychological and Clinical Reviews. London: Routledge, 1996.
  25. Wells A., Matthews G. Attention and emotion: A clinical perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 1994. doi: 10.1016/S0022-3999(99)00082-3

Information About the Authors

Stepan Y. Kishkilev, PhD Student, Chair of Acmeology and Psychology of Professional Activity, RANEPA University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2250
Previous month: 21
Current month: 16


Total: 1214
Previous month: 15
Current month: 6