Psychological and Pedagogical Foundations of Teacher Training for Development of Primary School Student’s Initial Representations (Based on The Course Material Natural Science)

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Abstract

In 2021, a working group of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education developed a technique for developing student’s initial representations to scientific concepts based on the material of mathematics and natural sciences in primary school. The technique was refined and concretized on the material of the course “Natural sciences”. The paper presents the materials of a study in which students of the 3rd year of the bachelor's degree program of the psychological and pedagogical direction of training (21 people, who were divided into two subgroups: experimental – 11 people, control – 10 people. The average academic performance score of each group of students is 4,7 on a five-point scale) and students of the 3rd grade of primary school of Moscow (51 people, who were also divided into two groups: experimental – 28 people, control – 23 people). The level of science literacy of primary school student’s was measured using three-level thematic tasks (author E.V. Chudinova). The results of the study showed that the application of technique for the development of primary school student’s initial natural science representations in the preparation of future teachers affects the educational results of schoolchildren. It is noted that students who designed lessons using the technique for developing student’s initial representations to scientific concepts on the material of natural sciences in primary school paid special attention not only to the correct answers of students, but also to erroneous judgments. This helped them in organizing the educational discussion. It is emphasized that an erroneous judgment can become a tool for the mental development of a primary school student’s.

General Information

Keywords: primary school students, future teachers, students, teaching methods, natural sciences, scientific concepts, initial representations, natural science education, dialogue

Journal rubric: Psychology of Education

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2022140406

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 08/04/2022 “Formation of the psychological component in the methodological training of future teachers necessary for analyzing the causes of student mistakes in order to develop their subject conceptual thinking in the process of solving educational tasks”.

Received: 09.12.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Sanina S.P., Rastorgueva M.D. Psychological and Pedagogical Foundations of Teacher Training for Development of Primary School Student’s Initial Representations (Based on The Course Material Natural Science) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2022. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 82–98. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2022140406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

1.      Vygotskii L.S. Pedologiya podrostka. Sobranie sochinenii v 6 tomakh. Tom 4 [Pedology of a Teenager: Collected Works in 6 vol. Vol.4]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1984. 432 p.

Information About the Authors

Svetlana P. Sanina, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Chair of Pedagogical Psychology named after Professor V. A. Guruzhapov, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4033-3913, e-mail: saninasp@mgppu.ru

Margarita D. Rastorgueva, Lecturer, Department of Pedagogical Psychology named after Professor V.A. Guruzhapov, Faculty of Psycholo-gy of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3303-1052, e-mail: tuhtinamd@mgppu.ru

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