Preparation of Primary School Teachers for Professional Activities for the Development of Mathematical Thinking of Younger Schoolchildren

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Abstract

The article discusses one of the aspects of the training of a teacher of primary general education – the ability to analyze the causes of students' mistakes made by them when mastering mathematical concepts. The special importance in the competence of the primary school teacher of understanding the value of the initial, initial representations of the child as a result of his own mental activity is noted. An overview of the concept of mathematical thinking in the psychological and pedagogical literature is given. The understanding of mathematical thinking as theoretical, carried out on mathematical material, is highlighted. The levels of development of mathematical thinking and its main components – analysis, planning and reflection – are recorded. The modules of the educational program for the training of primary school teachers are described, aimed at developing students' competencies that allow them to adequately assess the manifestations of mathematical thinking in younger schoolchildren on mathematical material traditionally studied in primary school. The sequence of actions aimed at identifying the error pattern is presented. Examples of tasks for students are given, showing ways of developing the educational action of control; determining patterns of mathematical errors.

General Information

Keywords: mathematical thinking, teaching mathematics, initial representations, mathematical errors, pedagogical education, teacher training

Journal rubric: Psychology of Education

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2022140405

Funding. The research was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 04/08/2022 “Formation of the psychological component of the methodological training of the future teacher necessary for the analysis of the causes of students' mistakes in order to develop their subject conceptual thinking in the process of solving educational tasks”.

Received: 11.10.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Sokolov V.L. Preparation of Primary School Teachers for Professional Activities for the Development of Mathematical Thinking of Younger Schoolchildren [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2022. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 67–81. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2022140405. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

1. Assonova N.V. O nematematicheskoi sostavlyayushchei ponyatiya "matematicheskoe razvitie mladshego shkol'nika" [About the Non-mathematical Component of the Conception of ”Mathematical Development of a Primary School Student”]. Aktual'nye voprosy professional'noi podgotovki sovremennogo uchitelya nachal'noi shkoly [Current issues of professional training of a modern primary school teacher], 2021, no. 8, pp. 3–10. (In Russ.).

Information About the Authors

Vladimir L. Sokolov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Pedagogical Psychology named after Professor V.A. Guruzhapov, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6180-7567, e-mail: sokolovvl@mgppu.ru

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