Features of proaggressive and inhibiting aggression structures in individuals who have committed aggressive offenses

1269

Abstract

A study of issues of aggressive behavior occurrence is impossible without taking into account not only proaggressive, but also inhibiting aggression personality structures. It is assumed that the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of factors limiting aggression distinguish aggressive offenders from law-abiding citizens. The present study involved 24 men aged 18 to 55 years, serving a sentence for committing aggressive offenses, and 30 men aged 19 to 55 not previously subjected to criminal or that kind of responsibility. The procedures we used were aimed to study not only proaggressive, but also counteraggressive personality structures, we used not only quantitative but also qualitative analysis presented mainly by correlation constellations method. According to the results, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of dispositional, reactive and motivational aggression, however, we have found a much larger number of structures inhibiting aggression in patients without a history of aggressive behavior, compared with those who have committed aggressive offenses.

General Information

Keywords: aggressive behavior, illegal acts of violence, proaggressive factors, aggression inhibitors, personality structures inhibiting aggression.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kalashnikova A., Vasilenko T. Features of proaggressive and inhibiting aggression structures in individuals who have committed aggressive offenses [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2013. Vol. 3, no. 3 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Kalashnikova A.S. Sootnoshenie lichnostnyh predposylok raznonapravlennoj (getero- i auto-) agressii // Mir psihologii. 2009. № 4. S. 258–266.
  2. Nalchadzhjan A.A. Jetnopsihologicheskaja samozashhita i agressija. Erevan, 2000. S. 76–77.
  3. Safuanov F.S. Psihologija kriminal'noj agressii. M.: Smysl, 2003. 300 s.Anderson G.A., Carnagey N.L. Violent evil and the general aggression model / Chapter in Miller A. G.  (Ed.) The social psychology of good and evil. New York Guilford Publications. 2004. P. 162-192.
  4. Anderson G.A., Carnagey N.L. Violent evil and the general aggression model / Chapter in Miller A. G.  (Ed.) The social psychology of good and evil. New York Guilford Publications. 2004. Pp. 162-192.
  5. Cobb R.A., DeWall C.N., Lambert N.M., Fincham F.D. Implicit theories of relationships and close relationship violence: does believing your relationship can grow relate to lower perpetration of violence?/ Personality and social psychology bulletin. 2013. Р. 279–292.
  6. Denson T.F., DeWall C.N., Finkel E.J. Self-Control and Aggression / Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2012. Р. 20-25.
  7. DeWall C.N., Anderson C.A., Bushman B.J. The general aggression model: Theoretical extensions to violence / Psychology of  Violence. 2011. № 1.Р. 245–258.
  8. Ross T., Fontao M.I. The relationship of self-regulation and aggression: an empirical test of personality systems interaction theory/ International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology. 2008. Рp. 554-572.

Information About the Authors

Anna Kalashnikova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Chief Public Relations Specialist, V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology, Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3139-5511

Tatyana Vasilenko, Post-graduate Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: vasilenko.t.g@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 5471
Previous month: 24
Current month: 18

Downloads

Total: 1269
Previous month: 2
Current month: 9