Scientific approach to the problem of early memories and self-criminals



The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of early memories and self-criminals. Discussed issues are dealt with in line with the concept of Alfred Adler. It is shown that the earliest memories are the starting point autobiography man, they traced the first self-assessment, which is the basis of self-identity and forms of life style. Hypothesized the existence of a relationship between the content of early memories and self-esteem, which is a prerequisite for the formation of a criminal lifestyle significant portion of offenders. This hypothesis the authors try to justify theoretically based on the analysis of large amounts of foreign) theoretical work (J. Bruner, C. Miner, G. Murray, J.. Kramer, S. Tomkins, L. Ross and Newby-Clark, M. Singer and P. Salovey, L. and D. McAdams Polkington and some empirical studies (A. Molostvov). The article describes the main points of view on the question of the correctness of reproducible human memories. The authors share the position Adler what certain childhood experiences form the self-esteem of man. And if a child has formed inferiority in a certain area, the man all his life to strive to overcome it and it was on the values in this field will build his self-esteem. It is shown that it is important to find the fundamental mistakes made in the early period of development of the personality of the individual, then using a specific therapy can fix them well into adulthood. Thus, the article focuses on the reader an opportunity to improve the psychotherapeutic work with early memories of convicts and reducing the risk of re-offending.

General Information

Keywords: earliest memories, lifestyle, self-esteem, commitment to excellence, autobiographical memory, narrative.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Ogor A., Debolsky M.G. Scientific approach to the problem of early memories and self-criminals [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2014. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 114–124. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Anastasiya Ogor, student of Magistracy "Legal psychology: Forensic Practice", Medical University Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Michael G. Debolsky, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Professor, Department of legal psychology and law, faculty of legal psychology, Moscow State University of psychology and education (MSUPE), leading researcher, PKU research Institute of the Federal penitentiary service, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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