Psychology of Participants in Criminal Proceedings: the Coping-Strategy of the Aggrieved Party

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Abstract

The article substantiates the need to develop a theory of the psychology of the aggrieved party - an important participant in criminal proceedings. When analysing that person's behavior during criminal proceedings it is suggested to use the concept of "coping behavior", serving as a specific psychological mechanism and a manifestation of a general process of individual self-regulation of activity, that is, the means of conscious adaptation, seeking for personality attitude and reasoned sequence of certain actions to overcome the traumatic circumstances. The major types of strategies for coping with emotions and negative effects of adverse and stressful life situations have been discussed. It is postulated that the leading coping-strategy acts as a mediator between the observed behavior of the aggrieved person and his/her underlying personality characteristics. It has been shown that knowledge, understanding and awareness of such leading behavioral strategy of an aggrieved individual make it possible to have reasoned judgements of his/her personality, facilitate establishing a psychological contact, having positive interaction with him/her and thereby improve the efficiency of criminal proceedings.

General Information

Keywords: psychology of the participants in criminal proceedings, emotional state of a crime victim, coping behavior of an aggrieved party, leading coping-strategy, psychological contact and communication with an aggrieved person

Journal rubric: Judicial Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2021110213

For citation: Andrianov M.S. Psychology of Participants in Criminal Proceedings: the Coping-Strategy of the Aggrieved Party [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 178–192. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2021110213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

M. S. Andrianov, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher of Department of Psychological Support Prosecutorial Activities, Research Institute of University of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7426-8219, e-mail: andrianov@nextmail.ru

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