Prospects for the Use of Psychophysiological Methods to Assess Stress Resistance in a Situation of Professional Psychological Selection

231

Abstract

The study is aimed at developing the problem of increasing the reliability and objectivity of professional selection. Psychodiagnostic methods used in professional selection have a common drawback: their result is quite easy to falsify. The purpose of the study is to explore the possibilities of psychophysiological methods in solving problems of psychological diagnostics. Hypothesis: the intensity of emotional and physiological reactions to stressful stimuli is positively related to the level of neuroticism and negatively to the stress resistance of the participants in the experiment. The sample consisted of students in the amount of 16 people (11 girls) aged 17 to 21 years. A modified Eysenck personality questionnaire and a test by Cohen and Willianson were used. The experiment consisted in presenting stressful video material to the participants and simultaneously fixing their mimic and physiological reactions. It was found that the intensity of the manifestation of the emotion of sadness is positively associated with low stress tolerance, and the severity of the emotion of happy is positively associated with the level of neuroticism (p<0.05). The revealed effects are both of applied importance in the context of professional selection, and are of independent theoretical interest.

General Information

Keywords: professional psychological selection, stress resistance, neuroticism, physiological reactions, emotional reactions, mimic activity, polygraph, facial expressions, FACS facial movement coding system, FaceReader

Journal rubric: Interdisciplinary Studies

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2023130212

Received: 13.04.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Khavylo A.V., Ustenko A.V., Engalychev W.F. Prospects for the Use of Psychophysiological Methods to Assess Stress Resistance in a Situation of Professional Psychological Selection [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 153–165. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2023130212. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bodrov B.A. Problema preodoleniya stressa. Chast’ 2: Protsessy i resursy preodoleniya stressa [Coping stress problem. part ii. coping stress processes and resources]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological Journal, 2006. Vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 113–123. (In Russ.).
  2. Burlutskaya A.V., Prosolenko Yu.A., Malysheva E.A., Abushkevich A.V., Potyagailo E.G., Abushkevich V.G. Otsenka stressoustoichivosti meditsinskikh rabotnikov, napravlennykh v zonu navodneniya v gorode Krymske, i posttravmaticheskogo stressornogo sindroma [The evaluation of the stress resistance of medical professionals present in the flooded area in the city of Krymsk and post-traumatic stress syndrome] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Kubanskii nauchnyi meditsinskii vestnik = Kuban Scientific Medical Bulletin, 2015, no. 6 (155), pp. 19–23. doi:10.25207/1608-6228-2015-6-19-23 (In Russ.).
  3. Varlamov V.A. Detektor lzhi. 2nd ed. Moscow: PER SE-Press, 2009. 352 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Vinogradov M.V., Kasperovich Yu.G., Karavaev A.F. Sovershenstvovanie psikhofiziologicheskikh metodov otsenki dostovernosti informatsii, soobshchaemoi chelovekom [. Improved Psychophysiological Methods of Assessing Validity of Information given by an Individual] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhopedagogika v pravookhranitel’nykh organakh = Psychopedagogy in Law Enforcement, 2018, no. 4 (75), pp. 96–102. doi:10.24411/1999-6241-2018-14017 (In Russ.).
  5. Garkavets S.A. Psikhologiya neverbal’nogo obshcheniya. Severodonetsk: Petit, 2015. 214 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Derkach A.A., Kazakov Yu.N. Mediko-akmeologicheskie osnovaniya povysheniya stressoustoichivosti psikhicheskogo zdorov’ya upravlentsev k ekstremal’nym situatsiyam. Mir psikhologii = World of Psychology, 2008, no. 3, pp. 177–186. (In Russ.).
  7. Dubinskii A.A., Bulygina V.G., Pronicheva M.M. Mekhanizmy stress-sovladayushchego povedeniya u operupolnomochennykh sotrudnikov v situatsii ChS [Mechanisms of Stress-Coping Behavior in Police Operation Officers in an Emergency Situation] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 109–123. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110308 (In Russ.).
  8. Engalychev V.F., Leonova E.V., Khavylo A.V. Vozmozhnosti ispol’zovaniya intellektual’nykh sistem mashinnogo zreniya v sudebnoi psikhologicheskoi ekspertize [Potential Use of Intelligent Machine Vision Systems in Forensic Psychological Examination] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo fonda fundamental’nykh issledovanii. Gumanitarnye i obshchestvennye nauki = Bulletin of the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research. Humanities and Social Sciences, 2021, no. 2 (104), pp. 104–117. doi:10.22204/2587-8956-2021-104-02-104-117 (In Russ.).
  9. Zolotova T.N. Psikhologiya stressa. Moscow: Knigolyub, 2008. 192 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Kitaev-Smyk L.A. Psikhologiya stressa. Moscow: Ripol Klassik, 2010. 368 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Kubyshko V.L., Vakhnina V.V., Kruk V.M., Fedotov A.Yu. Psikhologicheskoe obespechenie stressoustoichivosti kak elementa professional’noi nadezhnosti spetsialista silovykh struktur [Psychological Support of Stress Resistance as an Element of Professional Reliability of a Law Enforcement Specialist] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 167–178. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100213 (In Russ.).
  12. Kuptsova D.M., Kamenskov M.Yu. Teoreticheskaya model’ testirovaniya na poligrafe: problemy i perspektivy ikh razresheniya [Theoretical Model of Polygraph Testing: Concerns and Prospects for their Solution] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 126–138. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100409 (In Russ.).
  13. Löhken S. Sila introvertov. Kak ispol’zovat’ svoi strannosti na pol’zu delu [Leise Menschen — Starke Wirkung]. Moscow: Eksmo, 2017. 320 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Milovzorova M.A. Anatomiya i fiziologiya cheloveka. Moscow: Meditsina, 2010. 231 p. (In Russ.).
  15. Pavlov I.P. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T. 3. 2nd ed. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo AN SSSR, 1951. 439 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Pelenitsyn A.B., Soshnikov A.P. Sovremennye tekhnologii primeneniya poligrafa. Chast’ 2. Moscow: ANO DPO “Tsentr prikladnoi psikhofiziologii” Publ., 2015. 320 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Rusalov V.M. Modifitsirovannyi lichnostnyi oprosnik Aizenka. Moscow: Smysl, 1992. 21 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Savitskaya T.Yu., Nosulenko V.N., Aleksandrov Yu.I. Dinamika serdechnogo ritma u individov pri otsenke i opisanii imi emotsional’no okrashennykh izobrazhenii [Heart rate Dynamics in Individuals While they Were Evaluating and Describing Emotional Images] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 5–19. doi:10.17759/exppsy.2020130101 (In Russ.).
  19. Svobodnyi F.K. Poligraf v deyatel’nosti pravookhranitel’nykh organov: problemy i perspektivy primeneniya [The polygraph in activity of law enforcement bodies: problems and perspectives arising at use]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Tomsk State University Journal, 2008, no. 314, pp. 119–124. (In Russ.).
  20. Selye H.H.B. Na urovne tselogo organizma [In vivo]. Moscow: Nauka, 1972. 132 p. (In Russ.).
  21. Simonov P.V. Temperament. Kharakter. Lichnost’. Moscow: Nauka, 1984. 161 p. (In Russ.).
  22. Shutilova M.A., Shutilov F.V., Moloshnikova N.S. Osobennosti izucheniya temperamenta lichnosti posredstvom oprosnikov Aizenka i Rusalova. Problemy funktsionirovaniya sovremennogo gosudarstva: pravo, politika, ekonomika, obrazovanie: Sbornik nauchnykh dokladov mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Moskva, 17 aprelya 2015 goda. Moscow: Nauchnoe obozrenie, 2015, pp. 68–75. (In Russ.).
  23. Al’Absi M., Flaten M.A. The Neuroscience of Pain, Stress, and Emotion: Psychological and Clinical Implications. Amsterdam: Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier, 2016. 296 p. doi:10.1016/C2013-0-16065-5
  24. Allen M. Facial Action Coding System. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc, 2017. 2064 p. doi:10.4135/9781483381411.n178
  25. Cooper C., Quick J.C. The Handbook of Stress and Health: A Guide to Research and Practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2017. 726 p. doi:10.1002/9781118993811
  26. Ekman P., Friesen W.V. Measuring facial movement. Environmental Psychology and Nonverbal Behavior, 1976. Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 56–75.
  27. Fink G. Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior: Handbook of Stress Series. Vol. 1: Stress. London: Academic Press, 2016. 502 p.
  28. Khavylo A.V., Engalychev V.F., Leonova E.V., Danshin V., Mirzeabasov O.A. Manifestation of Task’s Cognitive Complexity in Mimic Micromovements: Prognostic Model. Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2021. 2. Berlin: Springer, 2021, pp. 257–265. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-89880-9_20
  29. Noldus Facial expression recognition software: FaceReader [Elektronnyi resurs]. Noldus International Technology. URL: https://www.noldus.com/facereader/ (Accessed 11.04.2022).

Information About the Authors

Alexey V. Khavylo, PhD in Psychology, Head, Information and Psychological Safety Laboratory, Tsiolkovsky Kaluga State University, Associate Professor, Department of General and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Kaluga, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2739-0136, e-mail: khavylo@strider.ru

Anastasia V. Ustenko, Student, Institute of Psychology, Tsiolkovskiy Kaluga State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9795-5879, e-mail: ustenko.nastya@yandex.ru

Wali F. Engalychev, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head, Forensics and Criminalistics Research Center, Professor, Department of General and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Tsiolkovskiy Kaluga State University Kaluga, Kaluga, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3587-8986, e-mail: valiyen@gmail.com

Metrics

Views

Total: 406
Previous month: 25
Current month: 9

Downloads

Total: 231
Previous month: 9
Current month: 7