Developing the Potential of Post-traumatic Growth as a Psychological Target for Training Candidates for Substitute Parents

53

Abstract

In recent years, the Russian state has been actively engaged in protecting the rights of children deprived of parental care. As part of the amendments to the Constitution (Article 67), the State assumed the responsibilities of parents in relation to this category of children. These responsibilities are realized through the development of family life, the most important tool of which is the training programs for persons wishing to adopt orphaned children. Their necessity was legislated in 2012, and in the Action Plan for the Decade of Childhood (dated January 23, 2021 No. 122-r) the task of improving them was set, the implementation of which the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation in terms of developing programs for preparing citizens for the reception of orphaned children was entrusted to the MSUPE. The new program considers the development of the potential for post-traumatic personality growth (PPTPG) as such a target. The results of the study (N=188 candidates for substitute parents) are presented. It is proved that the psychological resources of candidates include family viability, resilience, emotional intelligence, potential for compassion, the ability to self-regulate and child-oriented reception motives.

General Information

Keywords: candidates for substitute parents, potential, post-traumatic growth, training program, individual and family risks and resources, development mechanisms

Journal rubric: Interdisciplinary Studies

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2023130414

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00038-23-01 dated 08.02.2023, "Scientifically based requirements for the content of programs and organization of training of candidates for substitute parents, the system of training specialists for schools of foster parents”.

Received: 11.10.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Oslon V.N., Odintsova M.A., Semya G.V., Kolesnikova U.V. Developing the Potential of Post-traumatic Growth as a Psychological Target for Training Candidates for Substitute Parents [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 195–215. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2023130414. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Aslamazova L.A. Khadzhimova D.M. Problema emotsional’nogo vygoraniya u priemnykh roditelei. Perspektivy razvitiya nauki v oblasti pedagogiki i psikhologii: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov po itogam mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii (6 iyulya 2015 g.). Vypusk II. Chelyabinsk: Innovatsionnyi tsentr razvitiya obrazovaniya i nauki Publ., 2015, pp. 83–85. (In Russ.).
  2. Bolgova L.V. Svyaz’ psikhologicheskikh resursov v diade priemnaya mat’ — priemnyi rebenok podrostkovogo vozrasta [Connection of psychological resources in the dyad foster mother —foster child of adolescence]: Avtoref. vypusknoi kvalifikatsionnoi raboty (magisterskaya dissertatsiya). Moscow, 2022. 5 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Bykhovets Yu.V. Fenomen posttravmaticheskogo rosta. In M.I. Volovikova, A.L. Zhuravlev, N.E. Kharlamenkova (eds.). Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya lichnosti: istoriya, sovremennoe sostoyanie, perspektivy. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RAN Publ., 2016, pp. 214–226. (In Russ.).
  4. Vasilyuk F.E. Rabota perezhivaniya. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo MGU, 1984. 240 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Gusarova E.S., Odintsova M.A., Sorokova M.G. Shkala otsenki zhiznesposobnosti sem’i: adaptatsiya na rossiiskoi vyborke [Family resilience assessment scale: adaptation in Russian sample] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological Studies, 2021. Vol. 14, no. 77. doi:10.54359/ps.v14i77.130 (In Russ.).
  6. Zakonoproekt “O vnesenii izmenenii v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty Rossiiskoi Federatsii po voprosam zashchity prav detei” No. 232772-8 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sistema obespecheniya zakonodatel’noi deyatel’nosti. 2022. URL: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/232772-8 (Accessed 05.10.2023). (In Russ.).
  7. Zelyanina A.N., Padun M.A. K probleme posttravmaticheskogo lichnostnogo rosta: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy [About the problem of posttraumatic growth: current state of subject and research perspectives] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological Studies, 2017. Vol. 10, no. 53. doi:10.54359/ps.v10i53.380 (In Russ.).
  8. Kapilina (Pichugina) M.V., Panyusheva T.D. Priemnyi rebenok: zhiznennyi put’, pomoshch’ i podderzhka. 2nd Moscow: Nikeya, 2015. 425 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Knyazev G.G., Mitrofanova L.G., Bocharov V.A. Validizatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika L. Goldberga “Markery faktorov “Bol’shoi pyaterki”” [Validization of Russian Version of Goldberg’s “Big-Five Factor Markers” Inventory]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological Journal, Vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 100–110. (In Russ.).
  10. Leontiev D.A. Udary sud’by kak stimul lichnostnogo razvitiya: fenomen posttravmaticheskogo rosta. In Makhnach A.V., Dikaya L.G. (eds.). Zhiznesposobnost’ cheloveka: individual’nye, professional’nye i sotsial’nye aspekty. Moscow: Institut psikhologii RAN, 2016, pp. 144–158. (In Russ.).
  11. Lobanov A.P., Orlova D.A. Ustalost’ ot sostradaniya: adaptatsiya testa Ch. Figli. Minsk: RIVSh Publ., 2021. 36 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Lyusin D.V. Novaya metodika dlya izmereniya emotsional’nogo intellekta: oprosnik EmIn. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika = Psychological Diagnostics, 2006, no. 4, pp. 3–22. (In Russ.).
  13. Magomed-Eminov M.Sh. Ontologicheskaya kontseptualizatsiya fenomena ekstremal’nosti [Ontological conceptualization of the phenomenon of extremity]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya = Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2014, no. 3, pp. 79–91. (In Russ.).
  14. Magomed-Eminov M.Sh. Fenomen posttravmaticheskogo rosta [Phenomenon of posttraumatic growth]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki = Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2009, no. 3 (71), pp. 111–117. (In Russ.).
  15. Osin E.N., Rasskazova E.I. Kratkaya versiya testa zhiznestoikosti: psikhometricheskie kharakteristiki i primenenie v organizatsionnom kontekste [A short version of the Hardiness Test: Psychometric properties and organizational application]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya = Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2013, no. 2, pp. 147–165. (In Russ.).
  16. Oslon V.N. Model’nye programmy soprovozhdeniya semei, vospityvayushchikh detei-sirot slozhnykh kategorii [Model programmes of support for families raising ‘difficult’ orphan children] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2017. Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 82–92. doi:10.17759/pse.2017220309 (In Russ.).
  17. Oslon V.N., Kosyanova E.V. Vliyanie travmy sirotstva na affektivno-lichnostnuyu sferu podrostka v usloviyakh rodstvennoi i nerodstvennoi opeki [Elektronnyi resurs]. In Obukhova L.F., Korepanova I.A. (eds.). Na poroge vzrosleniya: Sbornik nauchnykh statei. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo MGPPU, 2011, pp. 227–238. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/nonserialpublications/na_poroge_vzrosleniya/contents/48353 (Accessed 05.10.2023). (In Russ.).
  18. Oslon V.N., Odintsova M.A., Semya G.V., Zinchenko E.A. Invariantnye i variantnye sotsial’no-psikhologicheskie kharakteristiki uspeshnykh zameshchayushchikh materei [Invariant and Variant Sociopsychological Characteristics of Successful Foster Mothers] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 149–163. doi:10.17759/ pse.2021260612 (In Russ.).
  19. Oslon V.N., Odintsova M.A., Semya G.V., Kolesnikova U.V. Psikhologicheskie resursy i lichnostnye defitsity u vypusknikov organizatsii dlya detei-sirot [Psychological Resources and Personal Deficits of Graduates of Organizations for Orphans] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial’nye nauki i detstvo = Social Sciences and Childhood, 2022. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 69–89. doi:10.17759/ssc.2022030205 (In Russ.).
  20. Oslon V.N., Odintsova M.A., Semya G.V., Kolesnikova U.V. Struktura metodiki “Motivatsiya priema rebenka-siroty v zameshchayushchuyu sem’yu” [The Structure of the Methodology “Motivation for the Adoption of an Orphan Child by a Foster Family”] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological-Educational Studies, 2021. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 3–21. doi:10.17759/psyedu.2021130401 (In Russ.).
  21. Polskaya N.A., Razvaliaeva A.Yu. Razrabotka oprosnika emotsional’noi disregulyatsii [The Development Of The “Emotion Dysregulation” Questionnaire] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2017. Vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 71–93. doi:10.17759/cpp.2017250406 (In Russ.).
  22. Rasporyazhenie Pravitel’stva RF ot 23 yanvarya 2021 g. No. 122-r “Ob utverzhdenii plana osnovnykh meropriyatii, provodimykh v ramkakh Desyatiletiya detstva, na period do 2027 g.” [Elektronnyi resurs]. Garant. URL: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/400150053/ (Accessed 05.10.2023). (In Russ.).
  23. Svedeniya po forme federal’nogo statisticheskogo nablyudeniya No. 103-RIK “Svedeniya o vyyavlenii i ustroistve detei-sirot i detei, ostavshikhsya bez popecheniya roditelei” za 2022 god [Elektronnyi resurs]. Bank dokumentov Ministerstva prosveshcheniya Rossiiskoi Federatsii. 2023. URL: https://docs.edu.gov.ru/document/8cf2e493bcd6bf43ba790f5b5d1170f1 (Accessed o5.10.2023). (In Russ.).
  24. Sergienko A.I. Psikhologicheskie faktory posttravmaticheskogo rosta u roditelei detei s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorov’ya: Avtoref. diss. kand. psikhol. nauk. Moscow, 2021. 26 p. (In Russ.).
  25. Tarabrina N.V. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po psikhologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2007. 207 p. (In Russ.).
  26. Tolkacheva O.N. Sotsial’no-psikhologicheskie faktory posttravmaticheskogo rosta lichnosti: Diss. kand. psikhol. nauk. Saratov, 2017. 244 p. (In Russ.).
  27. Ben-Ezra M. et al. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD) as per ICD-11 proposals: A population study in Israel. Depression and Anxiety, 2018. Vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 264–274. doi:10.1002/da.22723
  28. Lavine P.A. In Unspoken Voice: How the Body Realeases Trauma and Restores Goodness. California: North Atlantic Books, 2012. 384 p.
  29. Razuri E.B. et al. Decrease in Behavioral Problems and Trauma Symptoms Among At-Risk Adopted Children Following Web-Based Trauma-Informed Parent Training Intervention. Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, 2016. Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 165–178. doi:10.1080/23761407.2015.1014123
  30. Spinazzola J., Van der Kolk B. When Nowhere Is Safe: Interpersonal Trauma and Attachment Adversity as Antecedents of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Developmental Trauma Disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2018. Vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 631–642. doi:10.1002/jts.22320
  31. Sulimani-Aidan Y., Benbenishty R., Dinisman T., Zeira A., Francis T. Care leavers in Israel: what contributes to better adaptation to life after leaving? Journal of Social Service Research, 2013. Vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 704–718. doi:10.1080/01488376.2013.834283
  32. Wisco B.E. et al. A comparison of ICD-11 and DSM criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder in two national samples of U.S. military veterans. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2017. Vol. 223, pp. 17–19. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2017.07.006

Information About the Authors

Veronika N. Oslon, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology named after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9625-7307, e-mail: oslonvn@mgppu.ru

Maria A. Odintsova, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3106-4616, e-mail: mari505@mail.ru

Galina V. Semya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology named after Professor L.F. Obukhova" Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Professor of the Department of Psychological Anthropology of the Institute of Childhood of the Moscow Pedagogical State University., Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9583-8698, e-mail: gvsemia@yandex.ru

Ulyana V. Kolesnikova, Research Associate, Center of Applied Psychological and Pedagogical Studies, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5328-8621, e-mail: kolesnikovauv@mgppu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 175
Previous month: 24
Current month: 8

Downloads

Total: 53
Previous month: 2
Current month: 6