Scientific-Biographical Method in Psychological and Legal Research: from Retrospective and Multivariate Analysis to Methodological Tools for Quality Assessment

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Abstract

The purpose of the article is to determine the scientific and applied potential of the biographical method, and its capabilities in solving a number of methodological and applied problems in the field of psychology and law. Scientific argumentation is based on the use of the key elements of substantive, retrospective, multifactorial, axiological and comparative analysis. An analysis of the phases of personal and social development is presented, each of which determines the composition and nature of the impact on the individual or social relations, depending on the specifics of their basic features in socially sensitive areas. The methodological indicators are identified that are correlates of the scientific and theoretical significance of modern research. The biographical method acts as an independent genre of studying the works of sciences that are significant for these sciences, and as a method of displaying the characteristics of the human factor and social relations. The method is aimed at solving an important methodological problem about the importance of the personality and social relations in the development of science. The applied significance of the method lies in the fact that it acts as an indicator of the quality and as the methodological tools of scientific research in the field of psychology and law.

General Information

Keywords: scientific-biographical method, biography, person, personality, social relations, phases of development, individual and group differences, explanation, understanding, multifactorial

Journal rubric: Interdisciplinary Studies

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140113

Received: 06.10.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Afanasieva I.V., Afanasyev I.V., Pavlenko A.A. Scientific-Biographical Method in Psychological and Legal Research: from Retrospective and Multivariate Analysis to Methodological Tools for Quality Assessment [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 197–213. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140113. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina V. Afanasieva, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3355-0469, e-mail: irinaafva@yandex.ru

Ilya V. Afanasyev, Associate Professor, Department of the Legal Regulation of Economic Activities, Faculty of Law, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9628-820X, e-mail: ivafanasev@fa.ru

Andrey A. Pavlenko, Postgraduate Student, Department of Musical Art, Institute of Culture and Arts, Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3781-2021, e-mail: philolog74@mail.ru

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