Processing fluency and impressions of joy and pride

588

Abstract

The mere exposure effect consists in the increasing of affective preference (sympathy/ liking) for a previously encountered stimulus. Many researches connect it with processing fluency and effort savings (hedonic marking hypothesis [17]). The present study investigates, whether processing fluency connects with other positive emotions. We supposed higher processing fluency correlates with grater intensity of pride and joy. In 1 Experiment participants (n = 98) recognize 10 well-known proverbs in guessing game. Then they marked proverbs about that they would brag to their friends and ranked all proverbs from the most to the lest pleasant. In 2 Experiment 4 groups each of that concluded 24 different complicated joy statements were pairwise compared. Participants (n = 55) chosen most funny and marked unfunny statements. Results shows most sympathy is connect with higher processing fluency, but pride and joy appear more often in connection with more complicated stimuli required lower processing fluency.

General Information

Keywords: mere exposure effect, processing fluency, positive affect, joy, pride

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2017080407

For citation: Kravchenko Yu.E. Processing fluency and impressions of joy and pride. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2017. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 91–106. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2017080407. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. van Deik T.A., Kinch V. Strategii ponimaniya svyaznogo teksta [Strategies of Discourse Comprehension.]. Novoe v zarubezhnoi lingvistike. Vyp. 23. Kognitivnye aspekty yazyka [The New Trends in Foreign Linguistics. Vol. 23. Сognitive aspects of language]. Moscow: Progress, 1988, рр. 153—211.
  2. Kravchenko Y.E. Feeling and emotional behavior repression. Eksperimental’naya psikhologiya [Experimental Psychology], 2015. Vol. 8(1), pp. 28—38.
  3. Shmelev A.G., Boldyreva V.S. Psikhosemantika yumora i diagnostika motivov [Psychosemantics of humor and diagnostics of motives]. Motivatsiya lichnosti [Motivation of personality]. M., 1982, pp. 108—120.
  4. Alter A.L., Oppenheimer D.M. Uniting the Tribes of Fluency to Form a Metacognitive Nation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2009. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 219—235. doi: 10.1177/1088868309341564
  5. Bornstein R.F., D’Agostino P.R. Stimulus recognition and the mere exposure effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1992. Vol. 63(4), рр. 545—552. doi: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.63.4.545
  6. Doss M.K., Bluestone M.R., Gallo D.A. Two mechanisms of constructive recollection: Perceptual recombination and conceptual fluency. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016. Vol. 42. (11), рр. 1747—1758. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1037/xlm0000273
  7. Hupbach A., Melzer A., Hardt O. The mere exposure effect is sensitive to color information: Evidence for color effects in a perceptual implicit memory test. Experimental Psychology. 2006. Vol. 53(3), рр. 233—245. doi: https://doi.org/10.1027/1618- 3169.53.3.233
  8. Marie A., Gabrieli J.D.E., Vaidya C., Brown, B., Pratto F., Zajonc R.B., Shaw R.J. The mere exposure effect in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2001. Vol. 27 (2), рр. 297—303. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a006875
  9. Newel B., Bright J. The subliminal mere exposure effect does not generalize to structurally related stimuli. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2003. Vol. 57(1), рр. 61—68.
  10. Phaf R.H., Rotteveel M. Affective modulation of recognition bias. Emotion, 2005. Vol. 5(3), рр. 309—318. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.5.3.309
  11. Pickett S.M., Barbaro N., Mello D. The relationship between subjective sleep disturbance, sleep quality, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of college students reporting trauma exposure. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2016. Vol. 8(1), рр. 25—33. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000064
  12. Westerman D.L., Lanska M., Olds J.M. The Effect of Processing Fluency on Impressions of Familiarity and Liking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition. 2015. Vol. 41, no. 2, рр. 426—438. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/ a0038356
  13. Willems S., Salmon E. Van der Linden M. Implicit/explicit memory dissociation in Alzheimer’s disease: The consequence of inappropriate processing? Neuropsychology, 2008. Vol. 22(6), рр. 710—717. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0012986
  14. Williams S.M. Implications for normals of reports on the “mere exposure” effect in amnesics. Neuropsychology, 1990. Vol. 4(1), рр. 43—48. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1037/0894-4105.4.1.43
  15. Winkielman P., Cacioppo J.T. Mind at ease puts a smile on the face:
  16. Psychophysiological evidence that processing facilitation leads to positive affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001. Vol. 81, рр. 989—1000. doi: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.81.6.989
  17. Winkielman P., Schwarz N., Fazendeiro T.A., Reber R. The hedonic marking of processing fluency: Implications for evaluative judgment. In J. Musch, K.C. Klauer (Eds.). The psychology of evaluation: Affective processes in cognition and emotion. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003, pp. 195—226.
  18. Zajonc R.B. Feeling and thinking. Preferences need no inferences. American Psychologist, 1980. Vol. 35, рр. 151—175. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/0003- 066X.35.2.151

Information About the Authors

Yunna E. Kravchenko, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3351-123X, e-mail: asunaro@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1944
Previous month: 6
Current month: 3

Downloads

Total: 588
Previous month: 8
Current month: 1