Trust as a factor of psychological security in interethnic interaction

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Abstract

The direction and role of trust as a factor of psychological security in social interac- tion is the subject of research attention of Russian and foreign scientists. Confidence appears as a generalized socio-psychological phenomenon, conditioned by the history and experience of previous interpersonal and socio-institutional interactions, features of national cultures and traditions, moral norms and values, attitudes and stereotypes. In the interethnic interaction, a large share in the content of trust relations acquires the experience of interethnic relations, ethno-cultural competence, the lack of intragroup and inter-group aggression, the unity of vectors and perceptions of the security of indi- vidual. To identify indicators of a sense of security, a study was conducted comparing respondents’ perception (N = 514) of themselves in danger, in safety and in an actual state. Factorial-analytical processing allowed to reveal the structure of the personal safety of respondents, where as the significant are five factors. The leading factor (explained variance of 25.653%) is trust, which gives grounds to consider the possibil- ity of providing trust as one of the main indicators of psychological security. Studies conducted in polyethnic groups of students also showed that the phenomenon of trust is an important factor in their psychological security.

General Information

Keywords: trust, psychological security, interethnic interaction, interpersonal trust, polyethnic groups

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2018090202

For citation: Dontsov A.I., Perelygina E.B., Zotova O.Y., Mostikov S.V. Trust as a factor of psychological security in interethnic interaction. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 21–34. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2018090202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Aleksandr I. Dontsov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Department of social psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, member of the specialized Council at the Humanitarian Academy of Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, member of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology, Chairman of the specialized Council at Moscow state University named after M. V. Lomonosov for dissertation in social psychology, member of the expert Council of VAK on pedagogy and psychology of the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation, full member of RAO, member of the editorial Board of over 15 scientific journals reviewed by the higher attestation Commission of the Russian Federation, honored Professor of Moscow state University named after M. V. Lomonosov, member of the Presidium of the RPO, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: a.dontsov@mail.ru

Elena B. Perelygina, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Dean of Social Psychology department of Liberal Arts, Head of Social Psychology chair, University for Humanities (LAU), Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: elena_sutkina@mail.ru

Olga Y. Zotova, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Professor at Social Psychology chair of Social Psychology department, Liberal Arts University-University for Humanities (Yekaterinburg), Ekaterinburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5607-6317, e-mail: oiambusheva@mail.ru

Sergey V. Mostikov, Post-Graduate Student, Liberal Arts University-University for Humanities (LAU), Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: smostikov@ya.ru

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