Intercultural Communicative Difficulties of Teens Migrants of the First and Second Generation: Cross-Cultural Aspect

454

Abstract

Objectives. The study of communicative difficulties in situations of intercultural communication with adults and peers and how to overcome them among teenage migrants of the first (refugees) and second generation, living in Russia and Germany. Background. Intercultural communication in modern society, on the one hand, has become the norm of life, on the other hand, a source of conflict and interethnic barriers. Teens, who are sensitive to the difficulties of mastering intercultural communication, both linguistic and socio-psychological, are experiencing especially difficult migration processes. Therefore, it is extremely important to study the communicative difficulties of migrant teens. Study design. We studied the cross-cultural differences in communicative difficulties that arise in teens migrants of the first and second generation in situations of intercultural communication, as well as ways to overcome them. Statistical processing was carried out using the Mann—Whitney U-test, the multiple functional criterion φ* — the Fisher angular transformation. Participants. 200 teens aged 15—17 years (M=16.3). Measurements. Questionnaire “Difficulties of a teenager in communicating with peers and adults”, the method of unfinished sentences, which determines how to overcome communicative difficulties (author A.G. Samokhvalova). The methodological tools were translated into German and adapted by M.V. Metz. Results. It has been established that there are common intercultural communication difficulties that arise among refugee teens from zones of military conflict, regardless of their place of residence. Second-generation migrant teens are more successful in intercultural communication. First-generation migrants are significantly more likely to use destructive strategies to overcome intercultural communication difficulties. Conclusions. Migrant teens of the first and second generation living in Germany and Russia have both general and culturally specific communicative difficulties.

General Information

Keywords: migration, intercultural communication, teen, communication difficulties, overcoming, resources

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2020110310

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 17-06-00607-OGN/19

For citation: Samokhvalova A.G., Metz M.V. Intercultural Communicative Difficulties of Teens Migrants of the First and Second Generation: Cross-Cultural Aspect. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2020. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 149–166. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2020110310. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

1. Kusurgashev V.N. Transformatsiya tsennostnykh ustanovok podrostkov pod vozdeistviem

voennykh deistvii na Donbasse [Trust of value systems of adolescents under the influence of

hostilities in the Donbas]. In Kudinov V.A. (ed.). Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi

konferentsii “Detskoe i molodezhnoe dvizhenie: istoriya i sovremennost'” (g. Kostroma, g. Astana, g.

Barnaul, g. Samara, g. Lugansk, 13 aprelya—19 maya 2016 g.) [Proceedings of the International

Scientific and Practical Conference “Children's and Youth Movement: History and Modernity”].

Kostroma: Publ. KGU im. N.A. Nekrasova, 2016, рр. 151—155.

2. Samokhvalova A.G., Ekimchik O.A. Kommunikativnye trudnosti podrostkov: issledovanie

psikhometricheskikh kachestv oprosnika ≪Trudnosti v obshchenii so sverstnikami i vzroslymi≫

[Elektronnyi resurs] [Communicative difficulties of adolescents: study of the psychometric qualities

of the questionnaire "Difficulties in communicating with peers and adults"]. Psikhologicheskie

issledovaniya = Psychological research, 2018, no. 11(60), р. 7. URL: http://psystudy.ru (Accessed

27.05.2019). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).

3. Samokhvalova A.G., Kudinov V.A. Kommunikativnye trudnosti rossiiskikh i ukrainskikh

podrostkov [Communicative difficulties of Russian and Ukrainian teenagers]. Sibirskii

pedagogicheskii zhurnal = Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 2018, no. 6, рр. 124—134. (In Russ., abstr.

in Engl.).

4. Samokhvalova A.G., Metts M.V., Skryabina O.B. Krosskul'turnye razlichiya kommunikativnykh

trudnostei rossiiskikh i nemetskikh podrostkov [Cross-cultural differences in the communicative

difficulties of Russian and German teenagers]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.

Seriya: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsiokinetika = Herald of Kostroma State University. Series:

Pedagogy. Psychology. Sotsiokinetika, 2018, no. 4, рр. 276—284. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).

5. Sivrikova N.V. Problemy izucheniya pokolenii v psikhologii [Problems of studying generations

in psychology]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-historical psychology, 2015,

no. 11 (2), рр. 100—107. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).

6. Triandis G.K. Kul'tura i sotsial'noe povedenie [Culture and social behavior]. Moscow: Publ.

Forum, 2007. 384 р. (In Russ.).

7. Erll A., Gymnich M. Inkulturellen Kompetenzen. Klett Lehntraining, 2015. 177 p.

8. Hamburger F. Abschied von der Inkulturellen Pädagogik. Plädoyer für einen Wandel

sozialpädagogischer Konzepte. Beltz Juventa, 2012. 212 p.

9. Mecheril P. Migrationspädagogik. Baltz Verlag: Publ. Weinheim und Basel, 2010. 191 p.

10. Meister D.M. Zwischenwelten der Migration. Biographische Übergänge jugendlicher Aussiedler

aus Polen. Juventa Vertrag Weinheim und München, 1997. 242 p.

11. Metz M. Migration-specific trends, challenges and perspectives for education in Germany.

Radom: Publ. Polska akademia nauk. Komitet nauk pedagogicznych. Rocznik Pegagogiczny, 2016,

no. 39, рр. 105—112.

12. Sandring S. Scheiternde Schulkarrieren im Spiegel der Anerkennungsbedürfnisse Jugendlicher.

Springer VS, 2013. 281 p.

Information About the Authors

Anna G. Samokhvalova, Doctor of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Director of the Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4401-053X, e-mail: samohvalova@kmtn.ru

Marina V. Metz, PhD, Lector, Evangelical graduate school, Darmstadt, Germany, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3056-7246, e-mail: marina.metz@eh-darmstadt.de

Metrics

Views

Total: 543
Previous month: 10
Current month: 10

Downloads

Total: 454
Previous month: 11
Current month: 5