Psychodiagnostics of Value Orientations of Adolescents: the Results of Standardization of the Methodology "Hierarchy of Life Values" by G.V. Rezapkina

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Abstract

Objective of the study is to check the psychometric properties and validity of the questionnaire “Hierarchy of Life Values” (G.V. Rezapkina), which allows to determine the preferences of eight basic values (Health, Welfare, Creativity, Family, Career, Service, Glory, Recreation) for adolescents aged 10-18.
Background. At the moment, the values of a teenager are formed in a situation of social instability and value-normative uncertainty, so the task of adolescents’ values study is of great importance, imposing special requirements on the choice of research tools.
Study design. The survey was conducted online using Google forms. The questionaries “Life Values Hierarchy” (G.V. Rezapkina), “Purpose-In-Life Orientations” (D.A. Leontiev) and “Questionnaire for the study of emotional attitude to learning” (A.M. Prihozhan) were used.
Participants. The study included 1303 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years (mean age = 13,7 ± 1,7 years, median = 13 years); of these, 42% were female, 32% were male, and 26% did not indicate their sex. Measurements. Cronbach's alpha and MacDonald's omega, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyzes were used to test the internal consistency of the questionnaire; Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to check external validity; three-way ANOVA with Duncan's posterior test was used to determine gender and age differences; and multidimensional scaling was used to determine the space of life values.
Results. The results showed a fairly good internal consistency of all scales (Cronbach's α = 0,75-0,84), while exploratory and confirmatory factor analyzes confirm the 8-factor structure of the questionnaire. External validity is confirmed by relationships with purpose-in-life orientations, motivation and emotional attitude to learning. Gender and age differences are small. Girls value creativity and glory more than boys. As adolescents age, the value of a career and material security increases, while the value of service decreases. Conclusions. The questionnaire “Life Values Hierarchy” (G.V. Rezapkina) is simple, effective, reliable and valid and can be used both for research and applied purposes for adolescents aged 10-18.

General Information

Keywords: life values; value orientations; hierarchy of values; adolescents; psychodiagnostics; validity; reliability; standardization

Journal rubric: Methodological Tools

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140310

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation "Development of a comprehensive program of psychological and pedagogical support and rehabilitation of children" dated April 26, 2023 No. 073-00038-23-04.

Received: 06.03.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Ulyanina O.A., Radchikova N.P., Borisenko E.V., Khayrova Z.R. Psychodiagnostics of Value Orientations of Adolescents: the Results of Standardization of the Methodology "Hierarchy of Life Values" by G.V. Rezapkina. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 154–172. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140310. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Olga A. Ulyanina, Doctor of Psychology, associate Professor, Head of the Federal Coordination Center for the Provision of Psychological Services in the Education System of the Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Chief Researcher of the Research Center, Academy of Management of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9300-4825, e-mail: ulyaninaoa@mgppu.ru

Nataly P. Radchikova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research «PsyDATA», Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Chief Specialist of the Laboratory of Biophysics of Excitable Media, Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino;, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5139-8288, e-mail: nataly.radchikova@gmail.com

Elena V. Borisenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Department of Scientific and Methodological Support, Federal Resource Center for Psychological Service in the Education System, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Child and Adolescence, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8864-1085, e-mail: nutskova@serbsky.ru

Zulfiya R. Khayrova, PhD in Psychology, Head, Department of Digital Transformation of the Psychological Service in the Education System, Federal Coordination Center for the Provision of Psychological Services in the Education System of theRussian Federation, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Philology, Russian University of Peoples' Friendship, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5367-2156, e-mail: zulya.r.90@yandex.ru

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