Socio-psychological Personality Traits of a Deviant Parent (Based on the Material of Convicts)

65

Abstract

The article is prepared on the basis of the results of the final qualifying work and is devoted to the analysis of psychological characteristics of the individual, including a tendency to deviant behavior and the life experience of parents who lead to violent actions against their own children. The sample was made up of convicts who committed crimes of child abuse (physical, emotional, psychological, sexual violence). The article analyzes the causes of parents' deviant behavior, clarifies aspects of deviant behavior, and considers individual life scenarios. The results obtained during the psychodiagnostic study revealed that violations of the relationship between a child and a parent when applying physical punishment measures in the family are more common for subjects prone to deviant behavior. A special role in the formation of the psyche of convicted parents was played by psychological trauma suffered in childhood or in adulthood as a result of sexual violence.

General Information

Keywords: child; family; abuse; sexual violence; socio-psychological personality traits; deviant behavior

Journal rubric: Safety and Law

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/ssc.2022030403

Acknowledgements. The author thanks the institutions of the penal system of the Saratov region, GUZ “Regional Clinical Psychiatric Hospital of St. Sophia” of the Saratov region for providing monitoring data and Doctor of Psychological Sciences G.V. Semya for the opportunity to discuss the results.

Received: 18.12.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Pestikova E.V. Socio-psychological Personality Traits of a Deviant Parent (Based on the Material of Convicts) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial’nye nauki i detstvo = Social Sciences and Childhood, 2022. Vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 41–53. DOI: 10.17759/ssc.2022030403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Alekseeva L.S. O nasilii nad det'mi v sem'e [On violence against children in the family] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Zhurnal «Sotsis» [Journal “Socis”], 2003, no. 4, 18 p. Available at: https://www.isras.ru/socis_2003-4.html (Accessed 18.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  2. Alekseeva L.S. Problema zhestokogo obrashcheniya s det'mi v sem'e [The problem of child abuse in the family]. Pedagogika [Pedagogy], 2006, no. 5, pp. 43–52. (In Russ.).
  3. Bogdanov V. Roditel'skie ruki ubivayut [Parental hands kill]. Rossiiskaya gazeta. Federal'nyi vypusk [Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Federal issue], 2008, no. 4642. (In Russ.).
  4. Gandzhi P., Dust M.Ya., Khakiminiya B. Issledovanie semeinykh faktorov, vliyayushchikh na nasilie nad det'mi so storony roditelei [Investigation of family factors influencing violence against children by parents] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Molodoi uchenyi [Young scientist], 2013, no. 7, pp. 366–369. Available at: https://moluch.ru/archive/54/7342/ (Accessed 25.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  5. Girfanov R.M., Kalinkina M.Yu. Rossiiskii i zarubezhnyi opyt bor'by s nasiliem v otnoshenii detei [Russian and foreign experience in combating violence against children] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Voprosy yuvenal'noi yustitsii [Issues of juvenile justice], 2008, no. 1(15), pp. 20–26. Available at: http://lawlibrary.ru/article2062654.html (Accessed 25.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  6. Grigovich I.N. Sindrom zhestokogo obrashcheniya s rebenkom: Obshchie voprosy i fizicheskoe nasilie: Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov i vrachei [Child abuse syndrome: General issues and physical violence: A textbook for students and doctors]. Petrozavodsk: Petrozavodskii gosudarstvennyi universitet [Petrozavodsk State University], 2001. 68 p.
  7. Il'ina S.V. Emotsional'nyi opyt nasiliya i pogranichnaya lichnostnaya organizatsiya pri rasstroistvakh lichnosti: dis… kand. psikhol. nauk [Emotional experience of violence and borderline personality organization in personality disorders: dis... cand. psychological sciences]. Moscow, 2000. 241 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Kachaeva M.A., Dozortseva E.G., Nutskova E.V. Otsrochennye posledstviya perezhitogo domashnego nasiliya u zhenshchin i devochek [The long-term effects of domestic violence against women and girls] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 110–126. DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2017070309 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  9. Kochenovskie chteniya «Psikhologiya i pravo v sovremennoi Rossii». Sbornik tezisov uchastnikov Vserossiiskoi konferentsii po yuridicheskoi psikhologii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem [Kochenov readings “Psychology and Law in modern Russia”. Collection of abstracts of participants of the All-Russian Conference on Legal Psychology with international participation]. Moscow: MSUPE, 2016. 338 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Osipova L.B., Serbina E.A. Nasilie v sem'e kak fenomen semeinogo neblagopoluchiya [Domestic violence as a phenomenon of family distress] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Izvestiya vuzov. Sotsiologiya. Ekonomika. Politika [Izvestiya vuzov. Sociology. Economy. Politics], 2014, no. 1, pp. 71–75. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nasilie-v-semie-kak-fenomen-semeynogo-neblagopoluchiya (Accessed 25.02.2023). (In Russ.).
  11. Pestikova E.V. Individual'nye i sotsial'no-psikhologicheskie osobennosti lichnosti deviantnogo roditelya (na materiale issledovaniya osuzhdennykh) [Individual and socio-psychological features of the personality of a deviant parent (based on the material of a study of convicts)] [Elektronnyi resurs]: Avtoref. vyp. kvalifikats. raboty: Magist. rab.: Napravlenie 37.04.01 «Psikhologiya» fakul'teta psikhologii. Saratovskii natsional'nyi issledovatel'skii gosudarstvennyi universitet imeni N.G. Chernyshevskogo [Abstract. issue of qualifiers. works: Magist. rab.: Direction 37.04.01 “Psychology” of the Faculty of Psychology by Saratov National Research State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky]. Saratov, 2018. 16 p. Available at: http://elibrary.sgu.ru/VKR/2018/37-04-01_029.pdf (Accessed 28.11.2022). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  12. Petrov I. Obizhayut ne po-detski [Offend not childishly] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskaya gazeta. Federal'nyi vypusk [Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Federal Issue], 2016, no. 7089(221). Available at: http://sledcom.ru/press/smi/item/1070132/ (Accessed 25.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  13. Romanova N.M., Kirichenko N.V. Seksual'noe nasilie v otnoshenii detei: psikhologicheskaya diagnostika: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie dlya studentov fakul'teta psikhologii [Sexual violence against children: psychological diagnostics: an educational and methodological guide for students of the Faculty of Psychology]. Saratov: ITs «Nauka» [ITs “Science”], 2013. 37 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Safuanova O.V. Pravovye aspekty problemy «seksual'nogo zloupotrebleniya» v otnoshenii detei [Legal aspects of the problem of "sexual abuse" in relation to children]. Gruppovaya psikhoterapevticheskaya rabota s det'mi, perezhivshimi seksual'noe nasilie. Per. s angl. Baiguzova A.V. [Group psychotherapeutic work with children who have experienced sexual violence, transl. from English by Baiguzova A.V.]. Moscow: «Genezis», 1998, pp. 12–15. (In Russ.).
  15. Svistil'nikov A.B., Kovtun V.A. Kharakteristika lichnosti pedofila i ee rol' v obespechenii bezopasnosti zhiznedeyatel'nosti molodezhi ot lits, sovershayushchikh nasil'stvennye deistviya seksual'nogo kharaktera [Characteristics of the pedophile personality and its role in ensuring the safety of the life of young people from persons committing violent acts of a sexual nature]. Vestnik NTsBZhD [Bulletin of the NCBJD], 2015, no. 2(24), pp. 61–66. (In Russ.).
  16. Strategicheskaya programma «Strana dlya detei» [Strategic program “Country for children”] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Upolnomochennyi pri Prezidente Rossiiskoi Federatsii po pravam rebenka [Commissioner for the Rights of the Child under the President of the Russian Federation], 2022. Available at: http://deti.gov.ru/pages/strana-dlya-detej (Accessed 25.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  17. Sokolova E.T. Vliyanie na samootsenku narushenii emotsional'nykh kontaktov mezhdu roditelem i rebenkom i formirovanie anomalii lichnosti [Influence on self-esteem of violations of emotional contacts between parent and child and the formation of personality anomalies]. Sem'ya i formirovanie lichnosti [Family and personality formation]. Moscow: Izd-vo MGU [Pabl. MSU], 1981. 175 p. (In Russ.).
  18. Steinert A. Detskii trepet. Monolog sotrudnika Genprokuratury o prestupleniyakh protiv detei v Rossii [Children's awe. Monologue of an employee of the Prosecutor General's Office about crimes against children in Russia] [Elektronnyi resurs]. LENTA.RU, 2017. Available at: https://lenta.ru/articles/2017/01/10/crimekids (Accessed 15.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  19. Strategiya bor'by s nasiliem v sem'e: spravochnoe rukovodstvo [Strategy for combating domestic violence: a reference guide] [Elektronnyi resurs]. New York: Organizatsiya Ob"edinennykh Natsii [United Nations], 1998. 129 p. Available at: https://www.eegyn.com/pdf/nasilie.pdf (Accessed 15.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  20. Tarabrina N.V. Praktikum po psikhologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Workshop on the psychology of post-traumatic stress]. St. Petersburg: Piter [Peter], 2001. 268 p. (In Russ.).
  21. Elikin A. V Rossii v 2021 godu bolee poloviny prestuplenii v otnoshenii detei sovershili ikh roditeli [In Russia in 2021, more than half of crimes against children were committed by their parents] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Obozrenie [Review], 2022. Available at: https://oboz.info/v-rossii-v-2021-godu-bolee-poloviny-prestuplenij-v-otnoshenii-detej-sovershili-ih-roditeli/ (Accessed 15.11.2022). (In Russ.).
  22. Palmer S., McMahon G. Handbook of counseling. London; New York: Routledge, 1997. 599 p.

Information About the Authors

Ekaterina V. Pestikova, referent of the Office of the Commissioner for Children’s Rights in the Saratov region, Saratov, Russia, e-mail: pestikovaev@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 263
Previous month: 11
Current month: 3

Downloads

Total: 65
Previous month: 5
Current month: 2