Specifics of Perception of Conscience and Life Values of Two Generations (on the Example of Russia and Georgia)

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Abstract

The article examines the perception of conscience and life values of two generations of Georgians and Russians, which allows one to look at the events taking place in the current reality, not only from a theoretical point of view. In addition to the identified ethno-cultural and intergenerational differences, the paper presents the results of an empirical identification of the invariant of perception of conscience in two cultures. With the help of comparative and correlation analysis of empirical data, it was shown that conscience is actualized mainly in the area of normative or realizable significant life values. The interrelationships between the indicators of a person’s life values and perception of conscience established in the study can be interpreted as zones in which the work of conscience is carried out, also it can be supposed what the features of a conscientious act will be. The spiritual and moral sphere is inseparable from personal functioning, which is realized by each person in the process of life in order to fulfill his predestination. The study used both domestic and Western methods, which complicated the interpretation of the results and required additional analysis. We are talking about the results of processing the MJT method by G. Lind. In addition to this technique, the study used the Questionnaire of the Properties and States of Conscience by V. Kh. Manerov and “The Study of Value Orientations” by S. Schwartz.

General Information

Keywords: conscience, morality, intercultural features of conscience, life values, invariant of conscience, transmission of moral experience

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2023.104

Received: 20.10.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Kaznina E.Yu., Korjova E.Y. Specifics of Perception of Conscience and Life Values of Two Generations (on the Example of Russia and Georgia). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 51–70. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2023.104. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Eka Y. Kaznina, PhD in Psychology, Assistant of the Department of General and Social Psychology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: ekaznina@yandex.ru

Elena Y. Korjova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1128-1421, e-mail: elenakorjova@gmail.com

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