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Pedagogical knowledge and labour processes: alternation between school and work in Simulated Work Training (SWT) 1114
Contemporary pedagogical reflection can make assist in interpreting the connection between scholastic and working contexts. Its principal contribution is to underline reasons for the primacy of the person over the logic of profit, and also to promote the rediscovery of work as a typically human activity with value, functional to the achievement of a person’s life goals. Hence the idea of a curriculum based on the alternation between school and the world of work in Simulated Work Training, with reference to the spirit of initiative and entrepreneurship, and contributing to the integral formation of the person.
Keywords: school, work, alternating education, simulated work training, projectuality.
A Part of Article
Learning by experience, which is well-established in many European countries, finds in Law n.53/2003 new pathways for interaction between school and the world of work: the possibility, that is, for students to follow the courses of the cycle, if they wish, alternating periods of study and work, both within school channels and in systems of apprenticeship and professional training.
The new frontier of alternation between school / work is found in this context. It is a didactic/training modality, which spans all learning disciplines, and consists in the realisation of «pathways that are planned, activated, verified and evaluated, under the responsibility of the scholastic or training institution, on the basis of conventions stipulated with the firms [...], able to welcome the students for periods of training in working situations».
Students of fifteen years old, «unless they wish to fulfil their rights/duties with a contract for apprenticeship”, may present a request to carry out the entire period of education in alternating periods of study and work, under the responsibility of the scholastic or training institution».
 Cfr. Law 28 March 2003, n. 53 It delegates to the Government the definition of general standards of education and levels of performances in education and vocational training.
 School-work alternation is a «training program that: strengthens school autonomy, qualifies the scholastic programme, enhances flexibility, meets the differing needs of pupils, acts, because of the strong component of orientation, as a means to combat early school leaving» (cfr. A new method of connecting school with work, online at: http://hubmiur.pubblica.istruzione.it/web/istruzione/dg-ifts/area-alternanza-scuola-lavoro, last consulted on 20/11 / 2015).
 Cfr. Decree. Definition of general rules on school-work, in accordance with Article 4 of Law 28 March 2003, n. 53, April 15, 2005, n. 77.