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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Psychological Analysis of the Problem of Marginalism, Procrastination and Learned Helplessness as Barriers to Personal and Professional Development 330

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Mitina L.M.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chief Research, Laboratory of Ecopsychology of Development and Psychodidactics, Psychological Institute Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8407-0978
e-mail: mitinalm@mail.ru

Mitin G.V.
PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher, Laboratory of Ecopsychology of Development and Psychodidactics, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3124-0352
e-mail: mitingv76@gmail.com

Abstract
Solving the problem of personal and professional development of modern man requires the formulation of a number of interconnected theoretical, experimental and practical problems. One of the main ones is the need to study psychological barriers — those negative phenomena that affect individual and social consciousness. The article presents a psychological analysis of marginalism and procrastination as barriers to personal and professional development of a person. The main sign of the marginality of professional consciousness and self-consciousness is the inversion of values and meanings, the desire to have benefits not by realizing one’s uniqueness as an individual and professional, but by receiving them undeservedly in the shortest way. The person’s tendency to constantly postpone the planned actions and important matters — procrastination — causes a distortion of self-determination in personal and professional self-determination. The main psychological factor in the manifestation of marginalism and procrastination of a specialist is the emergence in childhood and the consolidation in the educational process of schools and universities of various forms of personal (learned) helplessness. An important resource for the prevention and correction of learned helplessness, marginalism and procrastination is a favorable educational environment in the family, school, university, and other social institutions.

Keywords: personal and professional development, professional self-determination, concept, learned helplessness, marginal consciousness, procrastination

Column: Developmental Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2020250308

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