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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 11, no. 4)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Specificity and Problems of Development of Gifted Children in Primary School Age 1179

Shumakova N.B.
PhD in Psychology, Assistant professor at the Developmental psychology chair, the Educational psychology faculty, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

The article considers the features of intellectual and personal development of gifted children, problems that arise in the younger school age. The most common difficulties of the intellectually gifted first-graders, connected with the instruction in the school and the interrelations with their peers are pointed. The origins of these problems are clarified - the specifics of development in preschool childhood, and not quite adequate conditions of family upbringing and education. The value of creative or research instruction for the gifted children is revealed. The experience of realization the special interdisciplinary curriculum “Gifted Child” for gifted children based on the principles of systematic, activity, value of creation, novelty, problem finding, multimodality, personal interest, dialogical and independence are analyzed. These basic principles of formation of education allow the child to maintain the research position and develop the creative potential.

Keywords: junior schoolchildren, giftedness, intellectual development, creative development, personal development

Column: Developmental Psychology


For Reference

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  5. Shumakova N.B. Mezhdistsiplinarnyi podkhod k obucheniyu odarennykh detei [Interdisciplinary approach to teaching gifted children]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of Psychology],1996, no. 3, pp. 34-43.
  6. Shumakova N.B. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti razvitiya intellektual'no odarennykh detei mladshego shkol'nogo vozrasta [Elektronnyi resurs] [Psychological peculiarities of development of intellectually gifted children at elementary school age]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2012, no. 4. Available at: (Accessed: 30.03.2018). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  7. Yung K.G. Fenomen odarennosti [The phenomenon of talent]. Publ. In Matyushkina A.M., Matyushkinoi A.A. (eds.). Chto takoe odarennost': vyyavlenie i razvitie odarennykh detei. Klassicheskie teksty [What is giftedness: identification and development of gifted children. Classical texts]. Moscow: CheRo; MPSI, 2006, pp. 41–54.
  8. Kim M. A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Enrichment Programs on Gifted Students. Gifted Child Quarterly, 2016. Vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 102–116.

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