Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 4)

Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-4977


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Conditions for the adaptation of foreign students to universities 70


Apasova М.V.
PhD in Agriculture, Master Student of the Faculty of Pedagogical Psychology named after Prof. V.A. Guruzhapova, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Kulagina I.Y.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Apasova E.V.
PhD in Psychology, Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

The article discusses the features of adaptation of foreign students and postgraduates in universities in various countries-Europe, Asia, America and Australia. In foreign psychology, there are a number of external and internal factors that determine the success of adaptation and cause difficulties in the course of adaptation processes. The main external factors include the cultural distance between the home and host countries, the age and gender of students, the specifics of living in campuses, household problems and climate. Socio-cultural adaptation depends mainly on the degree of proximity of cultures, although in any case, foreign students experience a "culture shock". The main internal factors include communicative competence, the nature of motivation, self-efficacy, and value orientations. While studying at a post-graduate at University in another country, the same problems arise as while obtaining higher education, but they are more acute due to the inclusion in research activities, especially those related to the use of equipment and requiring coordination of the work regime with colleagues. In foreign psychology, much attention is paid to the social support of foreign students – informational, emotional and instrumental.

Keywords: foreign students, foreign postgraduates, acculturation, academic adaptation, socio-psychological adaptation, social support

Column: Educational psychology


For Reference

  1. Verchenova E.A. O primenenii sotsiometrii v kross-kul'turnom issledovanii (na materiale kitaiskikh studentov) [On the Problem of Applying Sociometric Techniques in Cross|Cultural Research (with Chinese Student Groups as an Example)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2014. Vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 142–150. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020). (In Russ.).
  2. Chibisova M.Yu., Verchenova E.A. Yazykovaya kompetentnost', razvitie gruppy i sotsiometricheskii status inostrannykh studentov v rossiiskom vuze (na primere issledovaniya kitaiskikh studentov) [Language competency, group development and sociometric status of foreign students in Russian higher eduction institutions (a case study of Chinese students)]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2017. Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 93–107. DOI:10.17759/sps.2017080106 (In Russ.).
  3. Li J.Q. et al. Acculturation, internet use, and psychological well-being among Chinese international students [Elektronnyi resurs]. Journal of International Students, 2013. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 155–166. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020). (In Russ.).
  4. Gebregergis W.T. et al. Antecedents of Psychological Adjustment of International Students Studying in China: The Roles of Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2019, no. 7, pp. 233–254. DOI:10.4236/jss.2019.72019
  5. Banjong D.N., Wuraola A., Biaku M. International students from different continents face varied challenges and seek campus support in dissimilar ways [Elektronnyi resurs]. International Educational Scientific Research Journal, 2016. Vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 118–128. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  6. Baohua Y., Downing K. Downing. Determinants of international students’ adaptation: examining effects of integrative motivation, instrumental motivation and second language proficiency. Educational Studies, 2012. Vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 457–471. DOI:10.1080/03055698.2011.643111
  7. Brown L. Worlds apart: the barrier between east and west. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 2009. Vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 240–259. DOI:10.1080/17513050902985323
  8. Spencer-Oatey H. et al. Chinese students’ social integration in the university community: hearing the students’ voices. Higher Education, 2017. Vol. 74, pp. 739–756. DOI:10.1007/s10734-016-0074-0
  9. Luo C. et al. Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Foreign Students in Chinese University: Based on Network of Social Support. Cross-Cultural Communication, 2014. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 16–20. DOI:10.3968/j.ccc.1923670020141001.4018
  10. Dauber D., Spencer-Oatey H. Internationalisation and student diversity: how far are the opportunity benefits being perceived and exploited? Higher Education, 2019. Vol. 78, pp. 1035–1058. DOI:10.1007/s10734-019-00386-4
  11. Edara I.R. Social and Spiritual Dimensions as Protective Factors in the Relationship between Acculturative Stress and Subjective Well-Being among International Students in Taiwan. Psychology, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1582–1604. DOI:10.4236/psych.2018.97096
  12. Gesing P., Glass C. The development of social capital through international students’ involvement in campus organizations. Journal of International Students, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1274–1292. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.1254580
  13. Glass C. Educational experiences associated with international students’ learning, development, and positive perceptions of campus climate. Journal of Studies in International Education, 2012. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 226–249. DOI:10.1177/1028315311426783
  14. Glass C., Gómez E., Urzua A. Recreation, intercultural friendship, and international students' adaptation to college by region of origin. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2014. Vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 104–117. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2014.05.007
  15. Hendrickson B. Intercultural connectors: Explaining the influence of extra-curricular activities and tutor programs on international student friendship network development. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2018. Vol. 63, pp. 1–16. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.11.002
  16. Hotta J., Ting-Toomey S. Intercultural adjustment and friendship dialectics in international students: A qualitative study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2013. Vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 550–566. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.06.007
  17. Jackson M., Ray S., Bybell D. International students in the U.S.: Social and psychological adjustment [Elektronnyi resurs]. Journal of International Students, 2013. Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 17–28. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  18. Jones R., Kim Y.S. Communication Experiences of International Students in the U.S.: A Comparison Study of Cross-Cultural Adaptation between European and Asian Students [Elektronnyi resurs]. Scientia et Humanitas: A Journal of Student Research, 2013. Vol. 3, pp. 83–104. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  19. Kudo K. Social representation of intercultural exchange in an international university. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 2016. Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 256–268. DOI:10.1080/01596306.2015.1014881
  20. Kwon Y. The sociocultural adjustment of Chinese graduate students at Korean universities: A qualitative study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2013. Vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 536–549. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.06.004
  21. Lee J., Ciftci A. Asian international students’ socio-cultural adaptation: Influence of multicultural personality, assertiveness, academic self-efficacy, and social support. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2014. Vol. 38, pp. 97–105. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.08.009
  22. Li M., Campbell J. Cultural Adaptation: A case study of Asian students’ learning experiences at a New Zealand university [Elektronnyi resurs]. Proceedings of the EDU-COM 2006 International conference. Engagement and empowerment: new opportunities for growth in higher education (Perth Western Australia, Edith Cowan University, 22–24 November 2006). Perth Western: Edith Cowan University, 2006, pp. 299–307. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  23. Liang C., Yang X. Nature and Effectiveness of Online Social Support for Intercultural Adaptation of Mainland Chinese International Students [Elektronnyi resurs]. International Journal of Communication, 2015. Vol. 9, pp. 2161–2181. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  24. McKenzie L., Baldassar L. Missing friendships: understanding the absent relationships of local and international students at an Australian university. Higher Education, 2017. Vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 701–715. DOI:10.1007/s10734-016-0073-1
  25. Rienties B., Tempelaar D. The role of cultural dimensions of international and Dutch students on academic and social integration and academic performance in the Netherlands. International journal of intercultural relations, 2013. Vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 188–201. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2012.11.004
  26. Rosen D., Hendrickson B. Insights into New Media Use by International Students: Implications for Cross-Cultural Adaptation Theory. Social Networking, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 81–106. DOI:10.4236/sn.2017.62006
  27. Ryan J. Internationalisation of doctoral education. Possibilities for new knowledge and understandings [Elektronnyi resurs]. Australian universities’ review, 2012. Vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 55–63. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  28. Sovic S. Coping with stress: the perspective of international student. Art, Design & Communication in Higher Education, 2008. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 145–158. DOI:10.1386/adch.6.3.145_1
  29. Spencer-Oatey H., Xiong Z. Chinese Students' Psychological and Sociocultural Adjustments to Britain: An Empirical Study. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 2006. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 37–53. DOI:10.1080/07908310608668753
  30. Tanaka T., Okunishi Y. Social skills use of international students in Japan. Japanese Psychological Research, 2016. Vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 54–70. DOI:10.1111/jpr.12097
  31. Zhou Y. et al. Theoretical models of culture shock and adaptation in international students in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 2008. Vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 63–75. DOI:10.1080/03075070701794833
  32. Tran L.T. Mutual Adaptation of International Students and Academics for the Sustainable Development of International Education [Elektronnyi resurs]. Proceedings of the EDU-COM 2008 International Conference. Sustainability in Higher Education: Directions for Change. (Perth Western Australia, Edith Cowan University, 19-21 November 2008). Perth Western: Cowan University, 2008, pp. 524–538. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  33. Traore S.A., Diarra S. Effects of the Intercultural Exchange on the Life of International Students in Wuhan (China). Advancesin Applied Sociology, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 243–257. DOI:10.4236/aasoci.2019.97019
  34. Vulić-Prtorić A., Oetjen N. Adaptation and Acculturation of International Students in Croatia [Elektronnyi resurs]. Collegium Antropologicum, 2017. Vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 335–343. URL: (Accessed 16.12.2020).
  35. Westmont C.M., Glass C.R. Comparative effects of belongingness on the academic success and cross-cultural interactions of domestic and international students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2014. Vol. 38, pp. 106–119. DOI:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.04.004
  36. Xiao S.L., Yang Z.X., Bernardo A.B.I. Polyculturalism and cultural adjustment of international students: Exploring the moderating role of cultural distance in a quantitative cross-sectional survey study. Cogent Psychology, 2019. Vol. 6, no. 1, 14 p. DOI:10.1080/23311908.2019.1682767
  37. Yua B., Wrightb Ew. Socio-cultural adaptation, academic adaptation and satisfaction of international higher degree research students in Australia. Tertiary Education and Management, 2016. Vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 49–64. DOI:10.1080/13583883.2015.1127405
  38. Yusliza M.Y., Shankar Chelliah Adjustment in International Students in Malaysian Public University. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 2010. Vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 275–278. DOI:10.7763/IJIMT.2010.V1

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????