Standardized Diagnostic Instruments for Autism Spectrum Disorders: the Use of ADOS-2 and ADI-R

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Abstract

Standardized diagnostic methods for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been internationally used by professionals for diagnosis validation, diagnostic classification for intervention planning, structured collection of behavioral and developmental data as well as stand-alone diagnostic instruments. Recently, two of such instruments — Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule ADOS-2 and Autism Diagnostic Interview ADI-R — became available in Russian. The article briefly describes both instruments and presents expert assessment of potential and possible limitations of Russian-language ADOS-2 and ADI-R. Preliminary ADOS-2 psychometric data attests to sufficient sensitivity and positive predictive value to be used as an observation instrument. More research is needed to confirm its differential diagnostic ability.

General Information

Keywords: autism, autism spectrum disorders, diagnostic, ADOS-2, ADI-R

Journal rubric: Research & Diagnosis of ASD

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2021190102

For citation: Sorokin A.B., Davydova E.Y., Samarina L.V., Ermolaeva E.E., Antokhina K.Y., Kuzembayeva E., Khaustov A.V., Balandina O., Mamokhina U.A. Standardized Diagnostic Instruments for Autism Spectrum Disorders: the Use of ADOS-2 and ADI-R. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 12–24. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2021190102. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Aleksandr B. Sorokin, PhD in Biology, Leading Researcher of the Federal Resource Center for Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Scientific Consultant, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4148-6719, e-mail: sorokinab@mgppu.ru

Elizaveta Y. Davydova, PhD in Biology, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Federal Resource Center for Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Associate Professor of the Department of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology Faculty of “Clinical and Special Psychology”, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5192-5535, e-mail: el-davydova@mail.ru

Larisa V. Samarina, Director, Saint-Petersburg Early Intervention Institute, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8331-1335, e-mail: larissa30@yandex.ru

Evgenia E. Ermolaeva, Executive Director, Early Intervention Association, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7740-7560, e-mail: evgeniya4@yandex.ru

K. Y. Antokhina, Head of clinical department, St. Petersburg Early Intervention Institute, speech therapist, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1701-1457, e-mail: Antohina-ky@eii.ru

Elena Kuzembayeva, Head of «Asyl Miras» Autism Center, Bulat Utemuratov Foundation, Almaty, Kazakhstan, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5425-6699, e-mail: rehab@utemuratovfund.org

Arthur V. Khaustov, PhD in Education, Director of the Federal Resources Center for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9634-9295, e-mail: arch2@mail.ru

Oxana Balandina, The Head of Mental Health Center, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Privolzhsky Research Medical University» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3486-1162, e-mail: neurorazvitie@yandex.ru

Ulyana A. Mamokhina, Junior Researcher of the scientific laboratory of the Federal Resource Center for the Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with ASD, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2738-7201, e-mail: uliana.mamokhina@gmail.com

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