Information Accessibility for People with Mental Disabilities, Including Autism Spectrum Disorders

104

Abstract

Identifying, assessing and overcoming informational barriers that arise among people with mental disabilities, in­cluding autism spectrum disorders (ASD), during communication, attract attention of all participants of the reha­bilitation process. Approaches to create a unified communication space, considering the use of easy language and alternative ways of communication for people with mental disabilities, are based on the principles of the Conven­tion on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the categories of the International Classification of Function­ing, Disability and Health (ICF). Statistical data on increased number of people recognized as disabled for the first time due to mental disorders and autism in the Russian Federation were systematized by the staff of the St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Medical Experts. These data substantiate the need to revise accessibility of ICF based information at two levels — individual and social ones. Authors propose to develop a unified methodol­ogy of information accessibility, considering ICF provisions, including the legal ones. Given proposals are aimed at increasing informational accessibility for people with mental disabilities, including ASD. Authors emphasize that creating a unified national standard for the use of easy language for people with mental disabilities is one of the factors guaranteeing their civil rights.

General Information

Keywords: disabled people with impaired mental functions, autism spectrum disorders, information barriers, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, International Classification of Functioning of Disability and Health, easy (plain) language

Journal rubric: Education & Intervention Methods

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2023210106

Received: 07.02.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Vladimirova O.N., Chistyakova N.P., Miroshnichenkо O.A. Information Accessibility for People with Mental Disabilities, Including Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2023. Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 49–58. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2023210106. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Oksana N. Vladimirova, Doctor of Medicine, rector, St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Medical Experts of the Ministry of Labor of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6692-2882, e-mail: vladox1204@yandex.ru

Natalia P. Chistyakova, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Psychiatry and Psychology, St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Medical Experts of the Ministry of Labor of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7841-0953, e-mail: npch74@mail.ru

Oksana A. Miroshnichenkо, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Scientific and Methodological Department of the Federal Resource (Information and Methodological) Center for the Formation of an Accessible Environment for the Disabled and Other Low-Mobility Groups of the Population, St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Medical Experts, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6327-1567, e-mail: miroshnichenko_oa@frcds.ru

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