The Model of Providing Emergency Psychological Assistance to Victims in Emergencies and Crisis Situations: Foreign and Domestic Experience

310

Abstract

The article analyzes foreign and domestic experience in providing emergency psychological assistance to victims. The review of models of emergency psychological assistance in the practice of the USA, Korea, France is presented. In domestic practice, the model of providing emergency psychological assistance to the anti-crisis unit of the city of Ryazan is disclosed in more detail. The actual structural components are determined, the presence of which must be provided for in the model of providing emergency psychological assistance to subjects of educational relations. A three-level approach to building an integral integrated system for providing emergency psychological assistance to participants in educational relations is presented, including the federal, regional and local levels of the model. The development of new models for the provision of emergency psychological assistance within the framework of a three-level approach has established the need for organizational and procedural aspects of interdepartmental interaction in the provision of emergency psychological assistance on key issues of modern childhood.

General Information

Keywords: model of emergency psychological assistance, crisis situation, traumatic event, subjects of educational relations, interdepartmental interaction

Journal rubric: Axiological and Personality-Oriented Basis of Cooperation and Interaction of Educational Environment Subjects

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/bppe.2022190108

Received: 10.02.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Vikhristyuk O.V., Ulyanina O.A., Gayazova L.A., Ermolaeva A.V., Faizullina K.A., Loginova E.A. The Model of Providing Emergency Psychological Assistance to Victims in Emergencies and Crisis Situations: Foreign and Domestic Experience [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2022. Vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 87–98. DOI: 10.17759/bppe.2022190108. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Zaichikov V.M. Ekstrennaya psikhologicheskaya pomoshch’ uchastnikam obrazovatel’nogo protsessa v krizisnykh situatsiyakh [Emergency psychological assistance to participants in the educational process in crisis situations]. In Baikova L.A., Sukhova A.N., Bespalova T.M., Samarina E.V. Pedagogika i psikhologiya kak resurs razvitiya sovremennogo obshchestva: materialy X Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. 4–6 oktyabrya 2018 goda. Ryazan: Izdatel’stvo “Kontseptsiya”, 2018, pp. 336–340. (In Russ.).
  2. Nikishina V.B. Algoritmy ekstrennoi psikhologicheskoi pomoshchi pri ostrykh emotsional’nykh sostoyaniyakh [Elektronnyi resurs]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii = Medical Psychology in Russia, 2016, no. 1 (36). URL: http://mprj.ru (Accessed 12.09.2021). (In Russ.).
  3. Fedunina N.Yu. Ekstrennaya psikhologicheskaya pomoshch’: zakony zhanra [Elektronnyi resurs]. Moskovskii psikhoterapevticheskii zhurnal = Moscow Psychotherapeutic Journal, 2006, no. 4 (51), pp. 6–25. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/mpj/2006/n4/1780.shtml (Accessed 31.09.2021). (In Russ.).
  4. Shvedchikova Yu.S., Karmanova O.P., Orlova D.G. Khrestomatiya po profilaktike nasiliya v shkol’noi srede [Elektronnyi resurs]. Perm: OOO “Permskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo”, 2021. 72 p. Ofitsial'nyi sait gosudarstvennogo byudzhetnogo uchrezhdeniya Permskogo kraya “Tsentr psikhologo-pedagogicheskoi, meditsinskoi i sotsial'noi pomoshchi”. URL: https://cpmpk.ru/upload/iblock/cb4/ cb4cf662bf5d334592d09f2977ddc97f.pdf (Accessed 21.08.2021). (In Russ.).
  5. Askenazy F. et al. Early Phase Psychiatric Response for Children and Adolescents After Mass Trauma: Lessons Learned From the Truck-Ramming Attack in Nice on July 14th, 2016. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2019. Vol. 10 (65). doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00065
  6. McAdams C., Keener H.J. Preparation, action, recovery: A conceptual framework for counselor preparation and response in client crises. Journal of Counseling and Development, 2008. Vol.. 86, рр. 388–398. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2008.tb00526.x

Information About the Authors

Olesya V. Vikhristyuk, PhD in Psychology, Director of Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5982-1098, e-mail: vihristukov@mgppu.ru

Olga A. Ulyanina, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Federal Coordination Center for the Provision of Psychological Services in the Education System of the Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Corresponding member of the RAE, Chief Researcher of the Research Center, Academy of Management of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia; Professor of Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Psychology at National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9300-4825, e-mail: ulyaninaoa@mgppu.ru

Larisa A. Gayazova, PhD in Psychology, Deputy Head of the Federal Coordination Center for the Provision of Psychological Services in the Education System of the Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-6687, e-mail: gayazovala@mgppu.ru

Anna V. Ermolaeva, Chief of the Remote Consultation Department “Child helpline”, Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5623-6248, e-mail: ermolaevaav@gmail.com

Kseniya A. Faizullina, Head, Department of Scientific and Methodological Support, Federal Coordination Center for the Provision of Psychological Services in the Education System of the Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2985-9332, e-mail: fajzullinaka@mgppu.ru

Elena A. Loginova, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages and Intercultural Professional Communication, Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8252-6943, e-mail: e.a.loginova@utmn.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1165
Previous month: 36
Current month: 18

Downloads

Total: 310
Previous month: 3
Current month: 0