“School Anxiety” Questionnaire by B. Phillips: Results of Standardization of the Russian-Language Version of the “Phillips School Anxiety Test”

129

Abstract

School anxiety is understood as a condition that is accompanied by anxiety, tension, uncertainty and stress related to educational activities, social relations and behavior at school. Modern research shows the influence of a high level of school anxiety on a student’s self-esteem and self-confidence, a decrease in his educational motivation and the effectiveness of educational activities, as well as the emergence of problems in establishing relationships with classmates and teachers. The article presents the results of standardization of the modified Russian-language version of the “School Anxiety” Questionnaire by B. Phillips. The study sample consisted of 2105 students from schools in the Central and Volga Federal Districts. The constructive validity of the test has been statistically proven. Confirmatory factor analysis showed satisfactory compliance of empirical data with the structure of the questionnaire. The scales correlate with each other at the average level, the directions of the connections correspond to the expected ones. The internal reliability of all scales was statistically confirmed using the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Differential validity has been statistically proven. The questionnaire can be recommended to teachers-psychologists to study the problems of anxiety at school.

General Information

Keywords: education system, participants in educational relations, students, psychological and pedagogical support, educational psychologist, professional standard

Journal rubric: Independent Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Psychological and Pedagogical Methods and Programs

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/bppe.2023200303

Acknowledgements. the authors thank Tatiana Nikolaevna Klyueva, Director of the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Additional Professional Education “Center for Advanced Studies “Regional Socio-Psychological Center” of Samara, Oksana Alexandrovna Draganova, Director of the State Regional Budgetary Institution of the Lipetsk region “Center Sem’Ya”, Yulia Vladimirovna Barkovskaya, Director of the Municipal Budgetary Educational Institution for Children in Need of Psychological, Pedagogical And Medico-Social Assistance “Center for Psychological, Medico-Social Support “Nadezhda” for their help in organizing data collection for the study.

Received: 22.09.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Egorenko T.A., Lobanova A.V., Chumachenko D.V. “School Anxiety” Questionnaire by B. Phillips: Results of Standardization of the Russian-Language Version of the “Phillips School Anxiety Test” [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2023. Vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 39–54. DOI: 10.17759/bppe.2023200303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Borisova N.A., Belobrykina O.A., Geydebrekht N.A., Schtaiz T.K. Shkol’naya trevozhnost’: protivorechiya diagnostiki (na primere analiza metodiki B. Fillipsa) [School anxienty: diagnostics contradictions (case of analysis of technique of B. Phillips)]. PEM: Psychology. Educology. Medicine, 2016, no. 2, pp.123–165. (In Russ.).
  2. Golovey L.A., Rybalko E.F. Praktikum po vozrastnoi psikhologii: Uchebnoe posobie. Saint Petersburg: Rech’, 2002. 694 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Guzanova T.V. Problema metoda psikhologicheskogo izucheniya shkol’nykh strakhov uchashchikhsya nachal’nykh klassov [Exploring School Fears in Primary School Children: The Problem of Method] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2008. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 91–96. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/journals/chp/archive/2008_n2/Guzanova (Accessed 20.09.2023) (In Russ.).
  4. Donskova E.S. Vzaimosvyaz’ samootsenki i urovnya trevozhnosti u detei mladshego shkol’nogo vozrasta [The relationship between self-esteem and the level of anxiety in children of primary school age] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya cheloveka v obrazovanii = Psychology in Education, 2022. Vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 41–52. doi:10.33910/2686-9527-2022-4-1-41-52 (In Russ.).
  5. Dolgova V.I., Baryshnikova E.V., Sergienko A.Yu. Izuchenie situativnoi trevozhnosti u pyatiklassnikov [Studying of situational uneasiness at fifth-graders] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta = Uchenye Zapiski Universiteta Imeni P.F. Lesgafta, 2016, no. 6 (136), pp. 226–232. doi:10.5930/issn.1994-4683.2016.06.136.p226-232 (In Russ.).
  6. Emelyanova E.A., Golovanova I.A., Lobakova K.V. Proyavlenie trevozhnosti u shkol’nikov pri perekhode v osnovnuyu shkolu [Manifestation of anxiety in schoolchildren during the transition to primary school]. Mir nauki. Pedagogika i psikhologiya = World of Science. Pedagogy and Psychology, 2022. Vol. 10, no. 4. (In Russ.).
  7. Kochubei B.I., Novikova E.V. Emotsional’naya ustoichivost’ shkol’nika. Moscow: Znanie, 1988. 80 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Ozhogova E.G., Namsink E.V. Dinamika i faktory vozniknoveniya trevozhnosti u sovremennykh mladshikh shkol’nikov [Dynamics and factors of anxiety from schoolchildren]. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya = Problems of modern pedagogical education, 2018, no. 61-4, pp. 314–317. (In Russ.).
  9. Prikhozhan A.M. Prichiny, profilaktika i preodolenie trevozhnosti [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 1998. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 11–17. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/journals/pse/archive/1998_n2/Prihozhan (Accessed 20.09.2023) (In Russ.).
  10. Prikhozhan A.M. Psikhologiya trevozhnosti: doshkol’nyi i shkol’nyi vozrast. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2009. 192 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Prikhozhan A.M. Trevozhnost’ u detei i podrostkov: psikhologicheskaya priroda i vozrastnaya dinamika. M.: Vlados, 2008. 304 c. (In Russ.).
  12. Sokolova E.T., Fedotova E.O. Aprobatsiya metodiki kosvennogo izmereniya sistemy samootsenok (KISS). Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14: Psikhologiya = Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 1982, no. 3, pp. 77–81. (In Russ.).
  13. Fedotova E.O. Narusheniya ustoichivosti samootsenki pri nevrozakh: Diss. ... kand. psikhol. nauk. Moscow, 1984. 198 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Spielberger C.D. (Ed.). Anxiety. Current Trends in Theory and Research. New York: Academic Press, 1972. 250 p.
  15. Curran T., Hill A.P. Perfectionism Is Increasing Over Time: A Meta-Analysis of Birth Cohort Differences From 1989 to 2016. Psychological Bulletin, 2017. Vol. 145, no. 4, pp. 410–429. doi:10.1037/bul0000138
  16. Reynolds C.R., Fletcher-Janzen E. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Special Education. Vol. 3. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2000, pp. 1559–2560.
  17. Potegal M., Stemmler G., Spielberger C. (eds.). International Handbook of Anger: Constituent and Concomitant Biological, Psychological, and Social Processes. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2010. 590 p.
  18. Phillips B.N. School stress and anxiety theory, research, and intervention. New York: Human Sciences Press, 1978. 165 p.

Information About the Authors

Tatiana A. Egorenko, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Pedagogical Psychology named after Professor V.A. Guruzhapov, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2934-5657, e-mail: egorenkota@mgppu.ru

Anna V. Lobanova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Educational Psychology named after Professor V.A. Guruzhapov Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8850-8647, e-mail: lobanovaav@mgppu.ru

Dmitry V. Chumachenko, junior research assistant, Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research PsyDATA, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education (MSUPE), psychologist, Lomonosow Moscow State University, GBOU Secondary school of Moscow "School No. 2101" teacher of mathematics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1007-5458, e-mail: chumachenkodv@mgppu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1035
Previous month: 345
Current month: 458

Downloads

Total: 129
Previous month: 29
Current month: 46