Features of Youth Period: Age and Social Historical Context



The paper illuminates psychological features of the period of youth in various social historical contexts. It compares the individual youth experiences of two different eras: 1925—1927 and 2011—2012. The study employed the autobiographical notes method, an open-ended questionnaire for identifying retrospective youth experiences that was used by M.M. Rubinstein in his sample in 1925—1927. The total number of participants equaled 129 subjects, 67 women and 62 men, with the average age of 22 years. The outcomes of the study revealed both similar characteristics in the two samples (such as increased interest in one's own inner life; reflection; longing for independence; protest against adults; need for affiliation; romantic aspirations, and oth- ers) and differing ones, because interests, aspirations, experiences, displays of personality, and role models have changed indeed. While the most essential features of the youth period remain constant regardless of historical time and social contexts, there is a certain qualitative aspect of the revealed features that reflects the changes in the "cultural content of the environment".

General Information

Keywords: youth period, experiences, reflection, dominant of interests, social context

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Vasilevskaya E.Y., Molchanova O.N. Features of Youth Period: Age and Social Historical Context. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2013. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 52–61. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Berk L. Razvitie rebenka. SPb., 2006.
  2. Livehud B. Hod zhizni cheloveka // Psihologiya vozrast- nyh krizisov: Hrestomatiya / Sost. K.V. Sel'chenok. Mn., 2000.
  3. Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T. 4. Detskaya psihologiya. M., 1984.
  4. Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T. 5. Osnovy defektologii. M., 1983.
  5. Vygotskii L.S. Psihologiya razvitiya rebenka. M., 2003.
  6. Zhuravleva N.A. Dinamika cennostnyh orientacii lich- nosti v usloviyah social'no-ekonomicheskih izmenenii: Avtoref. diss. ... kand. psihol. nauk. M., 2002.
  7. Kle M. Psihologiya podrostka (psihoseksual'noe razvi- tie). M., 1991.
  8. Kon I.S. Psihologiya yunosheskogo vozrasta. M., 1979.
  9. Kraig G. Psihologiya razvitiya. SPb., 2000.
  10. Mesheryakov B.G. Vzglyady L.S. Vygotskogo na nauku o detskom razvitii // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psihologiya. 2008. № 3.
  11. Petrovskii V.A. Chelovek nad situaciei. M., 2010.
  12. Prakticheskaya psihologiya obrazovaniya / Pod red. I.V. Dubrovinoi. M., 2000.
  13. Rubinshtein M.M. Yunost': po dnevnikam i avtobiogra- ficheskim zapisyam. M., 1928.
  14. Shpranger E. Psihologiya yunosheskogo vozrasta // Pedologiya yunosti. M.; L., 1931.
  15. El'konin D.B. Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy. M., 1989.
  16. Erikson E. Detstvo i obshestvo. SPb., 2000.
  17. Erikson E. Yunost': krizis identichnosti. M., 1996.

Information About the Authors

E. Y. Vasilevskaya, student at the Faculty of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics

Olga N. Molchanova, PhD in Psychology, Assistant professor at the Psychology faculty, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8704-218X, e-mail: olmol@list.ru



Total: 3366
Previous month: 21
Current month: 6


Total: 2466
Previous month: 13
Current month: 2