Resting-State EEG Spectral Power in Children with Experience of Early Deprivation

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Abstract

Children left without parental care and placed in institutional settings represent a particularly vulnerable group. In the absence of sufficient social interaction, children with experience of early deprivation demonstrate neural, social, and emotional deficits. In the present study, we use electroencephalographic (EEG) techniques to examine the functioning of the central nervous system in a sample of children living in institutions in a large city in Russia. The study involved 11 children with experience of institutional care and 11 matched children from biological families. Participants with experience of early deprivation demonstrated a decrease of spectral power in the theta and alpha bands compared to the comparison group. The decrease of spectral power in the delta, theta and alpha bands, which are closely related to cognitive and emotional processes, may reflect brain developmental patterns associated with early deprivation.

General Information

Keywords: early deprivation, institutionalization, cognitive development, EEG, spectral power

Journal rubric: Psychophysiology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/exppsy.2020130408

Funding. This work was supported by Russian Federation Grant № 14.Z50.31.0027.

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful to the children and families who took part in our research. We hope that our results will contribute to the development of a system of social and educational assistance to children who need such help, as well as draw attention to the study of orphans and their developmental trajectories.

For citation: Petrov M.V., Zhukova M.A., Ovchinnikova I.V., Golovanova I.V., Vasilyeva M.Y., Mukhamedrahimov R.Z., Naumova O.Y., Grigorenko E.L. Resting-State EEG Spectral Power in Children with Experience of Early Deprivation. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2020. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 115–124. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2020130408.

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Information About the Authors

Maksim V. Petrov, PhD in Psychology, Deputy Chief of the Psychology Service, Saint-Petersburg State Budgetary Institution of Health Care «Kashchenko Psychiatric Hospital №1», St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4370-7212, e-mail: max.petrov.phd@gmail.com

Marina A. Zhukova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Center for Cognitive Sciences, Sirius University of Science and Technology, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3069-570X, e-mail: zhukova.ma@talantiuspeh.ru

Irina V. Ovchinnikova, Junior Research Fellow, Laboratory of Translational Sciences of Human Development, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5950-5765, e-mail: ovchinir@gmail.com

Irina V. Golovanova, PhD in Psychology, Junior Research Fellow, Laboratory of Translational Sciences of Human Development, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0826-6386, e-mail: ir.golovanova@gmail.com

Marina Y. Vasilyeva, PhD in Biology, Senior Research Scientist of Department of Higher Nervous Activity and Psychophysiology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4955-0065, e-mail: marinajv@list.ru

Rifkat Z. Mukhamedrahimov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Division of Child and Parent Mental Health and Early Intervention, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3532-5019, e-mail: r.muhamedrahimov@spbu.ru

Oksana Y. Naumova, PhD in Biology, Senior Research Fellow, Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0889-526X, e-mail: oksana.yu.naumova@gmail.com

Elena L. Grigorenko, PhD, Hugh Roy and Lillie Cranz Cullen Distinguished Professor of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA; Adjunct Senior Research Scientist, Moscow State University for Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia; Professor and Acting Director, Center for Cognitive Sciences, Sirius University of Science and Technology, Federal territory "Sirius", Russia; Adjunct Professor, Child Study Center and Adjunct Senior Research Scientist, Haskins Laboratories, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; Research Certified Professor, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, USA, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9646-4181, e-mail: elena.grigorenko@times.uh.edu

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