Russian Scale of Pro-Environmental Behavior: Development and Psychometric Assessment



Pro-environmental behavior largely depends on the socio-cultural context and the availability of specific infrastructure. Thus, the use of Western scales for measuring this behavior in Russia does not allow for in-depth analysis of both the variability of pro-environmental behavior and of the effects of its determinants. Current study aims to develop a scale of pro-environmental behavior using qualitative and quantitative methods: literature analysis (n = 61), semi-structured interviews (n = 65), as well as socio-psychological surveys (n1 = 542; n2 = 56; n3 = 462). Based on the obtained data, a five-factor scale of pro-environmental behavior was developed. The created scale consists of 23 questions and 5 categories: household waste management, social actions, resource conservation, green consumption, and climate (transport) actions.

General Information

Keywords: pro-environmental behavior, scale development, household waste management, social actions, resource conservation, sustainable consumption, climate action, transport behavior

Journal rubric: Tools

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The publication was prepared within the framework of the Academic Fund Program at the HSE University in 2020—2022 (grant № 21-04-058).

Received: 09.08.2022


For citation: Ivanova A.A., Agissova F.B., Sautkina E.V., Kabanova V.S., Patrakova N.A., Ivande K.S. Russian Scale of Pro-Environmental Behavior: Development and Psychometric Assessment. Eksperimental'naâ psihologiâ = Experimental Psychology (Russia), 2023. Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 218–234. DOI: 10.17759/exppsy.2023160213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Alexandra A. Ivanova, PhD student in Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Fatikha B. Agissova, PhD student in Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena V. Sautkina, PhD, Professor,Faculty of Social Sciences, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Veronika S. Kabanova, Bachelor student in Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Nataliya A. Patrakova, Master’s in Applied Social Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Kingsley S. Ivande, Master’s in Applied Social Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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