The Subjective Age As a Predictor of Vital Functions of Elder People

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the description of the theoretical and empirical potential of the category of subjective age which is necessary to understand the ways of improvements in subjective well-being of elderly patients. The article particularizes the concept of subjective age and its contrast to the chronological age. It introduces the concept of positive and negative illusion of age. The article presents the system of mental representations which provides an assessment of one’s own age. Reviews of foreign studies have shown that elderly and old patients’ scores of their subjective ages vary. It is possible to observe an identical assessment of participants’ chronological age, but also the tendency for its understatement or overstatement. It is shown that a subjective rating of the age can be a useful tool for the early identification of persons with an increased risk of adverse outcomes of aging with a view to the application of early prevention and treatment strategies that affect the various components of health

General Information

Keywords: subjective age, age, chronological age, subjective well-being, emotional health, elderly age, old age

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology and Age-Related Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2015040301

For citation: Melehin A., Sergienko E.A. The Subjective Age As a Predictor of Vital Functions of Elder People [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2015. Vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 6–14. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2015040301. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Aleksey Melehin, PhD in Psychology, Associate professor, Stolypin Humanitarian Institute, clinical psychologist of the highest qualification category, somnologist, cognitive behavioral psychotherapist, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5633-7639, e-mail: clinmelehin@yandex.ru

Elena A. Sergienko, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Principal researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of the development of the subject in normal and post-traumatic states, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4068-9116, e-mail: elenas13@mail.ru

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