The Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire: Adaptation for the Russian-Speaking Sample



Since parental reflective functioning is important for the upbringing and development of children, it attracts the attention of psychologists around the world and needs to be studied. To measure it, the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ) is worked out, which is adapted and widely used in different countries, its psychometric properties were tested and interesting results were obtained. However, this questionnaire has not been adapted in Russia yet. That is why this research is aimed at adapting PRFQ for Russian-speaking sample, to testing its factor structure and psychometric properties. Data was collected from an online survey (2022-2023). The forms were filled out by 205 parents (38% of fathers) of children aged from 1 to 13 years. For all respondents, the survey included a socio-demographic questions and the PRFQ; 99 parents additionally completed the Questionnaire of Emotional Relations in Family (E. Zakharova), the Parental Attitude Questionnaire (A. Varga & V. Stolin) and the Parental Anxiety Scale (A. Prikhozhan). Factor analysis confirmed the three-factor structure of the PRFQ. Confirmatory factor analysis showed good correspondence with the data. The internal consistency of the PRFQ scales and emotional attitude towards the child, parental attitude and parental anxiety confirm the external validity of the questionnaire. The Parental Reflexive Functioning Questionnaire is a reliable, internally consistent and valid tool. Keywords. Parent Reflective Functioning, PRF, Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire, PRFQ, parental attitude.

General Information

Keywords: Parent Reflective Functioning; PRF; Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire; PRFQ; parental attitude

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (RSCF), project number 22-28-00820 “Psychological resources of socially vulnerable groups in the face of modern challenges (on the example of people with disabilities and their families)”.

Received: 11.04.2023


For citation: Kamskaya O.A., Odintsova M., Radchikova N.P., Gurova E.V. The Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire: Adaptation for the Russian-Speaking Sample [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 126–136. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120312. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Olga A. Kamskaya, Master of Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Maria Odintsova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Nataly P. Radchikova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research «PsyDATA», Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Chief Specialist of the Laboratory of Biophysics of Excitable Media, Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino;, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elena V. Gurova, PhD in Education, Assistant Professor, Professor Chair of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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