The Implementation of the Principle of Economy in the Formation of Psychological Terms in English and Russian

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Abstract

The paper addresses the ways of applying economy principle to the sublanguage of psychology. The authors identify the most productive term formation methods, which show the tendency of both languages to compression of nominal words and phrases. In the system of psychological terms of the English language, the most productive ways of linguistic compression are affixation and compounding. The English terminological system is rich, functional and economical because of its unlimited potential for compounding and affixation. The Russian terminological system is more likely to enrich the vocabulary through phonetic borrowings, semantic derivation and calque. It is argued that the borrowings acquired by the Russian terminological system account for the multitude of synonymous terms. On the other hand, phonetic borrowings and semantic calque have enriched the vocabulary without effort and redundancy. It is concluded that economy principle plays a fundamental role in the creation of new words and their adaptation to the English and Russian terminological systems.

General Information

Keywords: principle of language economy, psychological terminology, affix word formation, phonetic borrowing, Englishism

Journal rubric: Problems of Modern Linguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2020070202

For citation: Yarovikova Y.V., Balygina E.A. The Implementation of the Principle of Economy in the Formation of Psychological Terms in English and Russian [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2020. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 12–19. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2020070202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Yulia V. Yarovikova, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign and Russian Philology, Moscow State University of Psychological and Education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2097-8597, e-mail: yarovikovayuv@mgppu.ru

Elena A. Balygina, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign and Russian Philology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5558-1389, e-mail: baliginaea@mgppu.ru

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