Influence of Contexts on the Formation of Lexical Definitions

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Abstract

The aim of the article is identification and study of contextual meanings of words appearing in journalistic texts reflecting changes in public consciousness that have affected their dictionary meanings. The material for this work was selected dictionaries of the Russian language and modern Russian-language journalistic texts, including texts from the Internet. This material uses contextual analysis for words that are supplemented with meanings at the moment, or have already significantly changed their lexical meanings, which in turn proves the validity of the hypothesis that prognosticality is an integral property of a journalistic text. The analysis showed that before semantic shifts of words are recorded in dictionaries, they are, first of all, repeatedly contextually reproduced in journalistic style texts. The study of the contextual meanings of axiologically colored words revealed the transformations taking place in the system of social ethics.

General Information

Keywords: change in public consciousness, contextual meaning of a word, prognosticality of a journalistic text, dictionary meaning of a word

Journal rubric: General and Comparative Historical Linguistics

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/langt.2023100202

Received: 01.06.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Kobylko Ja., Kozlovskaya E.S. Influence of Contexts on the Formation of Lexical Definitions [Elektronnyi resurs]. Âzyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2023. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 14–27. DOI: 10.17759/langt.2023100202. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

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Information About the Authors

Jaroslaw Kobylko, PhD in Philology, Senior Lecturer, Department of the Russian Language no. 2 of the Preparatory Faculty of the Institute, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia named after Patrice Lumumba, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0868-4772, e-mail: kobylko-ya@rudn.ru

Ekaterina S. Kozlovskaya, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Department of the Russian Language no. 5 of the Institute of the Russian Language, Russian Language, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia named after Patrice Lumumba, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6308-725X, e-mail: elaguaverde@yandex.ru

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