Body Dissatisfaction and Influence of Parents and Peers as Risk Factors for Eating Disorders Among Girls of Adolescent and Young Age

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Abstract

The article presents main results of the research aimed at studying the interconnection between the level of body dissatisfaction and specifics of eating behavior among girls of adolescent and young age from non-clinical population. It also studied the influence of peers and parents on eating behavior of girls and their body attitude, for which purpose a special questionnaire was developed. Girls aged 13 to 15 (N=163) – pupils and students – took part in the research. It identified a negative correlation between the risk of eating disorders and body satisfaction (R=–0,43, p<0,00001). The highest risk of eating disorders was found among girls studying in a prestigious gymnasium with advanced study of the German language, which, according to the authors, can be related to the girls’ perfectionist career ambitions. It was proven, that existence of negative mindsets related to corpulence in the family or among peers increases the risk of eating disorders.

General Information

Keywords: eating behavior, body dissatisfaction, adolescents, parents, body mass index, body image

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kelina M.Y., Marenova E.V., Meshkova T.A. Body Dissatisfaction and Influence of Parents and Peers as Risk Factors for Eating Disorders Among Girls of Adolescent and Young Age. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2011. Vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 44–51. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Marina Y. Kelina, Postgraduate, Moscow City Psychological and Pedagogical University, Teacher-Psychologist, sbou SOSH no. 25, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: mkelina84@mail.ru

Elena V. Marenova, Student of the Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology of the Department of Differential Psychology, Moscow City Psychological and Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: Marta-nw@yandex.ru

Tatiana A. Meshkova, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Leading researcher of the Laboratory of Age-related Psychogenetics of PI RAE, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6018-5006, e-mail: meshkovata@mgppu.ru

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