A system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment



The contribution presents an analysis and generalization of the experience of foreign colleagues (the USA) aiming at helping Russian specialists to know the most effective developments in the field of critical psychological help. In the contribution a system of critical psychological help is understood as a complex of actions on preventing and minimizing the consequences of a critical event, rendering urgent psychological help and subsequent counseling of psychologically traumatized persons. It presents a historical review of the development of the system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment in the USA. It analyzes the strategies of critical psychological help in chronological order: preparation for critical situations in educational institutions (school crisis plans), direct response to crisis (psychological first aid), working with psychotrauma. An algorithm of working in critical situation is give (PREPaRE model: prevention of psychological traumatization, support of physical health and sense of security, evaluation of psychological traumatization, securing of interventions, response to psychological needs and evaluation of effectiveness of critical preventive measures and interventions), the most effective methods of working with children’s psychological trauma are identified.

General Information

Keywords: critical psychological help, security of educational environment, school crisis plans, urgent psychological help, work with psychotrauma

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Pavlova T.S., Bannikov G.S. A system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment . Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2012. Vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 76–85. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Tat'iana S. Pavlova, PhD in Psychology, research associate, research laboratory «Scientific and Methodological Basis of Emergent Psychological Aid», Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: darzo@yandex.ru

Gennady S. Bannikov, PhD in Medicine, Senior Researcher, Department of Suicidology, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (Branch), V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Senior Researcher, Department of Scientific and Methodological Support, Federal Coordination Center for the Provision of Psychological Services in the Education System of the Russian Federation, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4929-2908, e-mail: bannikov68@mail.ru



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