Self-attitude in the context of personal maturity characteristics in adolescents

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Abstract

The article is devoted to understanding the relationship between different indicators of self-attitudes and several characteristics of personal maturity (development of moral judgments, focus on self-realization, subjectivity, acceptance of the other) in adolescents. Adolescence and early adulthood is characterized by contradictoriness and insufficient maturity of self-awareness, mobility and volatility of various components of self-attitude. It is the process of self-awareness development that makes adolescents particularly vulnerable, anxious and insecure. In this connection, we formulated the hypothesis that the expression of certain aspects of personal maturity is accompanied by a less pronounced predisposition towards its own Self. To prove this, we present the results of two empirical studies. Subjects were students aged 14 to 17: 60 participants (29 boys, 31 girls) in the first study, and 213 (75 boys and 138 girls) – in the second. The following methods were used: L. Kohlberg Dilemmas; SAMOAL inventory; M. Rosenberg Self-esteem scale; T. Dembo and S. Ya. Rubinstein self-estimation method in A.M Prikhozhan modification; K. Rogers and R. Diamond Social-psychological adaptation inventory; M.A. Shchukina URSL; D. Sachs and S. Levy Incomplete sentences. The main result of both studies is that more personally mature subjects have relatively lower or unstable levels of self-respect, but higher levels of acceptance of others.

General Information

Keywords: self-esteem, self-attitude, self-esteem, personal maturity, moral consciousness, focus on self-realization, subjectivity, adolescence and early adulthood.

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Dermanova I.B. Self-attitude in the context of personal maturity characteristics in adolescents. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2012. Vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 50–60. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina B. Dermanova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology of Development and Differential Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: dermanova@mail.ru

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